ISO 639 Code: mkh

ISO 639-2:  mkh
English: Mon-Khmer (Other)
French: môn-khmer, autres langues

The code mkh is classified in ISO 639 as a collective language code. It encompasses all the related languages that comprise the members of a single genetic subgroup (excluding those that have a more specific code).

It is mapped to the following subgroup in the Ethnologue's genetic classification system:

The code mkh excludes all the languages that are covered by the more specific ISO codes that fall within the above genetic subgroup. These include the following codes:

kha  Khasi
khm  Khmer
vie  Vietnamese

The code thus encompasses the following 144 languages from the Ethnologue:

AHEU

[THM] Thailand. 750 in Thailand (1996 Ferlus). Population total both countries 1,000. Alternate names: PHON SOUNG, SO. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Thavung. More information.

ALAK

[ALK] Laos. 4,000 (Bradley).  Alternate names: HRLAK. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. More information.

AMWI

[AML] India.   Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khasian. More information.

AREM

[AEM] Viet Nam. 20 adult speakers out of 100 in the ethnic group in Viet Nam (1996 Ferlus). Population total both countries 20. Alternate names: A-REM, CHOMRAU, CHOMBRAU, UMO. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Chut. More information.

BAHNAR

[BDQ] Viet Nam. 137,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van). Population total both countries 137,000 or more. Alternate names: BANA. Dialects: TOLO, GOLAR, ALAKONG (A-LA CONG), JOLONG (GIO-LANG, Y-LANG), BAHNAR BONOM (BOMAM), KONTUM, KREM. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. More information.

BATEK

[BTQ] Malaysia (Peninsular). 700 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BATEQ, BATEG, BATOK, KLEB, TOMO, NONG. Dialects: BATEK TEQ (TEQ), BATEK DE' (DEQ), BATEK IGA, BATEK NONG (NONG). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Eastern. More information.

BESISI

[MHE] Malaysia (Peninsular). 1,356 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MAH MERI, CELLATE. Dialects: KUALA LANGOT BESISI, MALAKKA BESISI, ULU LANGAT ORANG BUKIT, SELANGOR SAKAI, BETISE' (BETISEK), SISI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, South Aslian. More information.

BIT

[BGK] Laos. 1,530 in Laos (1985 F. Proschan). Population total both countries 2,000. Alternate names: KHABIT, KHBIT, PHSING, PHSIN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Khao. More information.

BLANG

[BLR] China. 24,000 in China (1990 J-O Svantesson), out of an official nationality of 82,280 (1990 census). Population total all countries 37,200. Alternate names: BULANG, PULANG, PULA, PLANG, KAWA, K'ALA, KONTOI. Dialects: PHANG, KEM DEGNE. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Bulang. More information.

BO

[BGL] Laos. 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Muong.

BRU, EASTERN

[BRU] Laos. 69,000 in Laos (1999). Population total all countries 114,000. Alternate names: BROU, VANKIEU. Dialects: TRI (SO TRI, SO TRII, CHALI). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Brou-So. More information.

BRU, WESTERN

[BRV] Thailand. 20,000 or more (1991). Population total both countries 20,000 or more. Alternate names: BRUU, B'RU, BARU. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Brou-So. More information.

BUGAN

[BBH] China. 3,000 (1996 J. Edmondson).  Alternate names: PUKAN, HUALO, HUAZU. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Unclassified. More information.

BUXINHUA

[BXT] China. 200 (1994).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Unclassified. More information.

CHAURA

[CHO] India.   Alternate names: CHOWRA, TUTET. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Nicobar, Chowra-Teressa. More information.

CHEWONG

[CWG] Malaysia (Peninsular). 270 (1975 SIL).  Alternate names: CHEQ WONG, CHE'WONG, SIWANG, BERI, CHUBA. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Chewong.

CHONG

[COG] Cambodia. 5,000 possibly in Cambodia. Population total both countries 8,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: CHAWNG, SHONG, XONG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong. More information.

CHRAU

[CHR] Viet Nam. 15,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van).  Alternate names: CHAURO, CHORO, RO, TAMUN. Dialects: JRO, DOR (DORO), PRANG, MRO, VOQTWAQ, VAJIENG, CHALAH, CHALUN, TAMUN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Stieng-Chrau. More information.

CHUT

[SCB] Viet Nam. 1,500 (1996 Ferlus). Population total both countries 1,500 or more. Alternate names: SACH, SALANG, RUC, MAY. Dialects: SACH, MAY, RUC ( KHA MU GIA, TAC CUI). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Chut. More information.

CON

[CNO] Laos. 1,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Lametic. More information.

CUA

[CUA] Viet Nam. 23,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van).  Alternate names: BONG MIEW, BÒNG MIEU. Dialects: KOL (KOR, COR, CO, COL, DOT, YOT), TRAW (TRÀU, DONG). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, East, Cua-Kayong. More information.

DANAU

[DNU] Myanmar. 10,000 (1984).  Alternate names: DANAW. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Eastern Palaungic, Danau. More information.

HALANG

[HAL] Viet Nam. 10,000 in Viet Nam. Population total both countries 12,000 (1973 SIL). Alternate names: SALANG, KOYONG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Jeh-Halang. More information.

HALANG DOAN

[HLD] Viet Nam.  Population total both countries 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: HALANG DUAN, DUAN, DOAN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Duan. More information.

HRE

[HRE] Viet Nam. 94,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van).  Alternate names: DAVAK, DAVACH, MOI DA VACH, MOI, MOI LUY, CHAM-RE, CHOM, TACHOM. Dialects: RABAH (TAVA), CREQ (KARE, KRE), HRE. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Sedang-Todrah, Sedang. More information.

HU

[HUO] China. 1,000 (1984 J. Svantesson).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

HUNG

[HNU] Laos. 2,000 to 3,000 in Laos (1996 Ferlus). Population total both countries 2,700 to 3,700. Dialects: TOUM (TUM), PHONG (PONG, POONG, PONG 1, PONG 2). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Cuoi.

IR

[IRR] Laos. 10,000 together with Ong (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: IN, YIR. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, Central Katuic, Ta'oih. More information.

JAH HUT

[JAH] Malaysia (Peninsular). 2,442 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: JAH HET. Dialects: KERDAU, KRAU, KETIAR KRAU (TENGGANU), KUALA TEMBELING, PULAU GUAI, ULU CERES (CHERES), ULU TEMBELING. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, Jah Hut.

JEH

[JEH] Viet Nam. 10,000 in Viet Nam (1973 SIL). Population total both countries 10,000 or more. Alternate names: DIE, YEH, GIE. Dialects: JEH BRI LA (BRI-LA), JEH MANG RAM. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Jeh-Halang. More information.

JEHAI

[JHI] Malaysia (Peninsular). 1,250 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: JAHAI, PANGAN. Dialects: JEHAI, BATEK TEH. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Eastern. More information.

JENG

[JEG] Laos. 5,400 (1981).  Alternate names: CHENG, CENG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Oi-The. More information.

KACO'

[XKK] Cambodia. 2,000 (1992 G. Diffloth).  Alternate names: KACHAH'. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. More information.

KASSENG

[KGC] Laos. 7,000 (Bradley).  Alternate names: KOSENG, KASENG, KRASENG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Kaseng. More information.

KATAANG

[KGD] Laos. 10,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KATANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, Central Katuic, Ta'oih. More information.

KATU, EASTERN

[KTV] Viet Nam. 37,300 (1998).  Alternate names: HIGH KATU. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Katu-Pacoh. More information.

KATU, WESTERN

[KUF] Laos. 14,700 (1998).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Katu-Pacoh. More information.

KATUA

[KTA] Viet Nam. 3,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: CA TUA. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric. More information.

KAYONG

[KXY] Viet Nam. 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KAGIUONG, CA GIONG, KATANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, East, Cua-Kayong. More information.

KEMIEHUA

[KFJ] China. 1,000 (1991).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Unclassified. More information.

KENSIU

[KNS] Malaysia (Peninsular). 3,000 in Malaysia. Population total both countries 3,300 (1984 D. Hogan). Alternate names: KENSEU, KENSIEU, KENSIW, SEMANG, MONIQ, MONIK, MENDI, NEGRITO, NGOK PA, ORANG BUKIT, ORANG LIAR. Dialects: IJOH (IJOK), JARUM, JEHER (SAKAI TANJONG OF TEMONGOH), KEDAH (QUEDAH), PLUS, ULU SELAMA, KENSIU BATU, KENSIU SIONG, KENTAQ NAKIL. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Western. More information.

KHANG

[KJM] Viet Nam. 3,921 (1985 F. Proschan).  Alternate names: KHAANG, TAYHAY, TAY HAY, XA, XÁ KHAO, XA XUA, XA DON, XA DANG, XA HOC, XA AI, XA BUNG, QUANG LAM, HANG, BREN, KSAKAUTENH, PUTENH, POUTENG, TENG, THENG. Dialects: KHANG CLAU, KHANG AI (XA KHAO, XA CAU, SAKAU). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Xinh Mul. More information.

KHAO

[XAO] Viet Nam. 10,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Khao. More information.

KHLOR

[LLO] Laos. 6,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KLOR, LOR. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Ngeq-Nkriang. More information.

KHMER, NORTHERN

[KXM] Thailand. 1,000,000 (1991 SIL).  Dialects: BURIRAM, SURIN, SISAKET. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Khmer. More information.

KHMU

[KJG] Laos. 389,694 in Laos (1985 F. Proschan). Population total all countries 500,000 (1996 F. Proschan). Alternate names: KMHMU, KHMU', KHAMU, KAMU, KAMMU, KHAMUK, KAMHMU, KHOMU, MOU, POUTENG, PU THENH, TENH, THENG, LAO TERNG. Dialects: YUAN, KHROONG (KRONG), LUANG PRABANG, SAYABURY, LYY, ROK, U, HAT. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Khmu.' More information.

KHUA

[XHU] Viet Nam.  Population total both countries 5,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Brou-So. More information.

KHUEN

[KHF] Laos. 8,000 in Laos (Chazee). Population total all countries 9,000. Alternate names: KWEEN, KHWEEN, KHOUEN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Khmu.'

KINTAQ

[KNQ] Malaysia (Peninsular).  Population total both countries 100 (1975 SIL). Alternate names: KENTA, KINTAK, KINTAQ BONG, BONG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Western.

KIORR

[XKO] Laos. 2,359 in Laos (1985 F. Proschan). Population total both countries 2,359 or more. Alternate names: SAAMTAAV, SAMTAO, SAMTAO 2, CON, COL. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

KOHO

[KPM] Viet Nam. 92,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van). Population total both countries 92,000 or more. Alternate names: COHO, KOHOR. Dialects: CHIL (KIL), TRING (TRINH), SRE, KALOP, SOP, LAYA, RION, NOP (XRE NOP, TU-LOP), TALA (TO LA), KODU (CO-DON), PRU, LAC (LAT, LACH). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Sre. More information.

KON KEU

[ANG] China.   Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

KRAOL

[RKA] Cambodia. 2,600 (1992 G. Diffloth).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong. More information.

KRAVET

[KRV] Cambodia. 3,012 (1988 govt. figure).  Alternate names: KOWET, KHVEK, KAVET. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet. More information.

KRU'NG 2

[KRR] Cambodia. 9,368 (1982 G. Diffloth).  Alternate names: KRUENG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet. More information.

KUANHUA

[QAK] China. 1,000 (1991).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Unclassified. More information.

KUY

[KDT] Thailand. 300,000 in Thailand (1992 Diffloth). Population total all countries 380,000. Alternate names: SUI, SUAI, SUAY, SUOI, SOAI, SUEI, CUOI, KUI SOUEI, KUI, KUOY, KHAMEN-BORAN. Dialects: DAMREY, ANLOUR, O, KRAOL, ANTRA, CHANG (SUAI CHANG). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Kuay-Yoe. More information.

LAMAM

[LMM] Cambodia. 1,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: LMAM. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. More information.

LAMET

[LBN] Laos. 14,355 in Laos (1985 F. Proschan). Population total all countries 14,480. Alternate names: LEMET, KHA LAMET, KHAMET, KHAMED, RMEET. Dialects: UPPER LAMET, LOWER LAMET. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Lametic. More information.

LANOH

[LNH] Malaysia (Peninsular). 260 (1975 SIL).  Alternate names: JENGJENG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, Senoic.

LAVE

[BRB] Laos. 12,750 in Laos (1984). Population total all countries 18,381. Alternate names: BRAO, BRAOU, BRAU, PROUE, BROU, LOVE, LAVEH, RAWE. Dialects: PALAU. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet. More information.

LAVEN

[LBO] Laos. 32,000 (1993 Johnstone). Population total both countries 32,000. Alternate names: LOVEN, BOLOVEN, BORIWEN, LAWEENJRU, JARU. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Laven. More information.

LAWA, EASTERN

[LWL] Thailand. 7,000 (1987 D. Schlatter).  Alternate names: WIANG PAPAO LUA, NORTHERN LAWA. Dialects: PHALO, PHANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Lawa. More information.

LAWA, WESTERN

[LCP] China. 75,000 in China, including 30,000 in the Blang nationality, 45,000 in the Va nationality (1990 J-O Svantesson). Population total both countries 82,000. Alternate names: WA, WA PROPER, LAVA, LUWA, LUA, L'WA, LAVUA, LAVÜA, MOUNTAIN LAWA. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Lawa. More information.

LUA'

[PRB] Thailand.   Alternate names: EAST PUA PRAY, PRAY 2. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai. More information.

MAA

[CMA] Viet Nam. 25,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van).  Alternate names: MAAQ, MA, MAA', CHAUMA, MA NGAN, CHE MA, MA XOP, MA TO, MA KRUNG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Sre. More information.

MAL

[MLF] Laos. 13,977 in Laos (1985 F. Proschan). Population total all countries 17,000 to 18,000. Alternate names: KHATIN, T'IN, HTIN, THIN, TIN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai. More information.

MALENG

[PKT] Laos. 800 in Laos (1996 Ferlus). Population total both countries 1,000. Alternate names: MALIENG, MALANG. Dialects: MALENG, PAKATAN (KHA PAKATAN), MALANG, HAREME. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Chut.

MAN MET

[MML] China. 900 (1984 J. Svantesson).  Alternate names: MANMIT, MANMI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

MANG

[MGA] Viet Nam. 2,300 in Viet Nam (1993 Dang Nghiem Van). Population total all countries 2,800. Alternate names: MANG U, XÁ MANG, XÁ Ó, NIENG Ó, CHAMAN, MANBU, BA'E, XÁ LÁ VÀNG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Mang. More information.

MINRIQ

[MNQ] Malaysia (Peninsular). 125 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MENRIQ, MENRIK, MENDRIQ, MENRAQ. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Eastern. More information.

MINTIL

[MZT] Malaysia (Peninsular). 40 (1975 SIL).  Alternate names: MITIL. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Eastern. More information.

MLABRI

[MRA] Thailand. 300 (1982 E. R. Long). Population total both countries 324. Alternate names: MLA, MLA BRI, MABRI, MRABRI, YUMBRI, MA KU, YELLOW LEAF, PHI THONG LUANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mlabri. More information.

MNONG, CENTRAL

[MNC] Viet Nam. 50,000 or more in Viet Nam (1992 Diffloth). Population total both countries 69,000. All Mnong 186,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: PNONG, BUDONG, BUDANG, PHANONG. Dialects: PRÉH (PRE), BIAT (BHIÉT), BU NAR, BU RUNG, DIH BRI (DI-PRI), BU DANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong. More information.

MNONG, EASTERN

[MNG] Viet Nam. 48,000 (1981). Population total both countries 48,000. Dialects: MNONG ROLOM (ROLOM, ROLAM, RLAM, RALAM), MNONG GAR (GAR), MNONG KWANH, CHIL. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Eastern Mnong. More information.

MNONG, SOUTHERN

[MNN] Viet Nam. 48,000 (1981).  Dialects: BUNONG (NONG, PNONG), PRANG (PO RANG). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong. More information.

MOK

[MQT] Thailand. 7 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: AMOK, HSEN-HSUM. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

MON

[MNW] Myanmar. 835,100 in Myanmar (1983 estimate). Population total both countries 900,000 to 935,000. Alternate names: TALAING, MUN, PEGUAN. Dialects: MATABAN-MOULMEIN (CENTRAL MON, MON TE), PEGU (NORTHERN MON, MON TANG), YE (SOUTHERN MON, MON NYA). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Monic. More information.

MONOM

[MOO] Viet Nam. 5,000 (1973 SIL).  Alternate names: BONOM, MENAM, MONAM. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Sedang-Todrah, Todrah-Monom.

MUONG

[MTQ] Viet Nam. 914,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van).  Dialects: THANG, WANG, MOL, MUAL, MOI 1, BOI BI (MOI BI), AO TÁ (AU TÁ). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Muong. More information.

NGEQ

[NGT] Laos. 4,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NGEH, NGE', KRIANG, NKRIANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Ngeq-Nkriang. More information.

NGUÔN

[NUO] Viet Nam. 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NGOUAN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Muong. More information.

NICOBARESE, CAR

[CAQ] India. 30,000 (1997 IMA).  Alternate names: PU, CAR. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Nicobar, Car. More information.

NICOBARESE, CENTRAL

[NCB] India. 2,200 (1981), 800 Nancowry, 1,400 closely related dialects (1981 Radhakrishnan). 22,100 in all six Nicobarese languages (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NICOBAR. Dialects: CAMORTA (KAMORTA), KATCHAL (KACHEL, TEHNU), NANCOWRY (NANCOURY), TRINKUT (TRINKAT). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Nicobar, Nancowry. More information.

NICOBARESE, SOUTHERN

[NIK] India.   Alternate names: NICOBARA. Dialects: CONDUL, GREAT NICOBAR, LITTLE NICOBAR, MILO. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Nicobar, Great Nicobar.

NYAHEUN

[NEV] Laos. 4,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NHA HEUN, NYAH HEUNY, HOEN, NIA HOEN, HUN, HIN, NIAHON, NYAHÖN, YAHEUN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Nyaheun. More information.

NYAHKUR

[CBN] Thailand. 300 (1983 SIL) to 10,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NYAH KUR, NYAKUR, NIAKUOL, NIAKUOLL, 'CHAOBON', 'CHAODON', LAWA. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Monic. More information.

NYEU

[NYL] Thailand. Small.  Alternate names: YEU, YOE. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Kuay-Yoe. More information.

O'DU

[TYH] Viet Nam. 100 in Viet Nam (1993 Dang Nghiem Van). Population total both countries 294. Alternate names: O DU, IDUH, 'IDUH, 'TAY HAT', HAT, HAAT. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Khmu.' More information.

ONG

[OOG] Laos. (10,000 together with Ir; 1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, Central Katuic, Ta'oih. More information.

OY

[OYB] Laos. 10,600 (1981).  Alternate names: HUEI, OI. Dialects: RIYAO, TAMAL EUY, INN TEA, KRANYEU. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Oi-The. More information.

PACOH

[PAC] Viet Nam. 15,000 (1973 SIL). Population total both countries 15,000 or more. Alternate names: PACO, POKOH, BO RIVER VAN KIEU. Dialects: PAHI (BA-HI). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Katu-Pacoh. More information.

PALAUNG, PALE

[PCE] Myanmar. 190,000 to 290,000 in Myanmar. Population total all countries 200,000 to 300,000. Alternate names: DI-ANG, NGWE PALAUNG, SILVER PALAUNG, PALE, PALAY. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Eastern Palaungic, Palaung. More information.

PALAUNG, RUMAI

[RBB] Myanmar. 137,000 in Myanmar. Population total both countries 139,000 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin). Alternate names: RUMAI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Eastern Palaungic, Palaung. More information.

PALAUNG, SHWE

[SWE] Myanmar. 148,000 in Myanmar (1982). Population total both countries 150,000 (1982). Alternate names: TA-ANG PALAUNG, GOLDEN PALAUNG, SHWE. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Eastern Palaungic, Palaung. More information.

PALYU

[PLY] China. 10,000 (1993). Other reports say 150 (1995), and 800 (1996).  Alternate names: PALJU, BOLYU, LAI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Palyu. More information.

PARAUK

[PRK] Myanmar. 348,400 in Myanmar (1983 estimate). Population total both countries 528,400. Alternate names: WA, PRAOK, PHALOK, BARAOG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Wa. More information.

PEAR

[PCB] Cambodia. 1,300 (1988 govt. figure).  Alternate names: POR, KOMPONG THOM. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Eastern. More information.

PHAI

[PRT] Thailand. 31,000 in Thailand (1993 Johnstone). Population total both countries 31,000 or more. Alternate names: PHAY, THUNG CHAN PRAY, KHA PHAY, PRAY 1, PRAI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai. More information.

PHONG-KNIANG

[PNX] Laos. 1,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: PONG 3, KHANIANG, KENIENG, KENENG, LAO PHONG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Xinh Mul. More information.

PHUONG

[PHG] Viet Nam. 15,000.  Alternate names: PHUANG, PHUONG CATANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Katu-Pacoh. More information.

PNAR

[PBV] India. 84,000 (1991 IMA).  Dialects: JAINTIA (SYNTENG), NONGTUNG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khasian. More information.

PRAY 3

[PRY] Thailand.   Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai. More information.

PUOC

[PUO] Viet Nam. 11,000 in Viet Nam (1993 Dang Nghiem Van). Population total both countries 13,000. Alternate names: KHA PUHOC, PUHOC, PUOK, PUA, XINH MUL, XINH-MUN, XIN MUL, SING MUN, KSING MUL. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Xinh Mul. More information.

RENGAO

[REN] Viet Nam. 15,000 (1973 SIL).  Alternate names: RO-NGAO. Dialects: WESTERN RENGAO, SEDANG-RENGAO, BAHNAR-RENGAO. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Rengao. More information.

RIANG

[RIL] Myanmar. 20,000 in Myanmar (1955). Population total both countries 23,000 or more. Alternate names: BLACK KAREN, YANGLAM, BLACK YANG, RIANG-LANG, YIN, YANG, LIANG SEK, YANG WAN KUN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Eastern Palaungic, Riang. More information.

ROMAM

[ROH] Viet Nam. 250 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. More information.

SA'OCH

[SCQ] Cambodia. 500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SAUCH, SAOTCH. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong. More information.

SABÜM

[SBO] Malaysia (Peninsular).   Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, Senoic. More information.

SAMRE

[SCC] Cambodia. 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre. More information.

SAMTAO

[STU] Myanmar.  Population total both countries 100 or more. Alternate names: SAMTAU, SAMTUAN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

SAPUAN

[SPU] Laos. 2,400 (1981).  Alternate names: SAPOUAN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Oi-The. More information.

SEDANG

[SED] Viet Nam. 40,000 in Viet Nam (1973 SIL). Population total both countries 40,000. Alternate names: HADANG, HDANG, HOTEANG, ROTEANG, ROTEA, HOTEA, XODANG, XA DANG, CADONG, TANG, KMRANG. Dialects: CENTRAL SEDANG, GREATER SEDANG, DAK SUT SEDANG, KOTUA SEDANG, KON HRING SEDANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Sedang-Todrah, Sedang. More information.

SEMAI

[SEA] Malaysia (Peninsular). 18,327 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: CENTRAL 'SAKAI', SENOI, SENGOI. Dialects: JELAI, ORANG TANJONG OF ULU LANGAT, SUNGKAI, PERAK I, PERAK II, CAMERON, TELOM, BIDOR, BETAU, LIPIS, BIL, ULU KAMPAR (KAMPAR). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, Senoic. More information.

SEMANG, LOWLAND

[ORB] Indonesia (Sumatra). 10,000 (1989).  Alternate names: ORANG BENUA, SAKAI. Dialects: ORANG BENUA (NEWBOLD'S SEMANG). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Western. More information.

SEMAQ BERI

[SZC] Malaysia (Peninsular). 2,080 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SEMAQ BRI, SEMOQ BERI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, South Aslian. More information.

SEMELAI

[SZA] Malaysia (Peninsular). 2,682 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, South Aslian. More information.

SEMNAM

[SSM] Malaysia (Peninsular).   Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, Senoic. More information.

SHOM PENG

[SII] India. 214 (1982 census).  Alternate names: SHOM PEN, SHOMPENG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Nicobar, Shom Peng. More information.

[SSS] Laos. 102,000 in Laos. Population total both countries 157,000. Alternate names: MANGKONG, MANG-KOONG, MAKONG, SO MAKON, MANKOONG, MANG CONG, BRU, KAH SO, THRO. Dialects: SO TRONG, SO SLOUY, SO PHONG, CHALI (CHARI, SHARI), KALEU. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Brou-So. More information.

SOK

[SKK] Laos. 1,600 (1981).  Alternate names: SORK, SAWK. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Oi-The. More information.

SOMRAY

[SMU] Cambodia. 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre. More information.

SOU

[SQQ] Laos. 1,000 (1962 Lafont).  Alternate names: SUQ, SOUK, SU, SU'. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet. More information.

STIENG, BUDEH

[STT] Viet Nam.   Alternate names: LOWER STIENG, SOUTHERN STIENG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric. More information.

STIENG, BULO

[STI] Viet Nam. 50,000 in Viet Nam for all Stieng (1993 Dang Nghiem Van). Population total both countries 53,571 all Stieng. Alternate names: XTIENG, XA-DIENG, BUDÍP, RANGAH, UPPER STIENG, NORTHERN STIENG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Stieng-Chrau. More information.

SUOY

[SYO] Cambodia. 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Suoy. More information.

TA'OIH, LOWER

[TTO] Laos.   Alternate names: TONG. Dialects: TONG, HANTONG.' Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, Central Katuic, Ta'oih. More information.

TA'OIH, UPPER

[TTH] Laos.  Population total all countries 30,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: TA-OY, TA-OI, TAU OI, TA HOI, KANTUA. Dialects: PASOOM, KAMUAN', PALEE'N, LEEM, HA'AANG (SA'ANG). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, Central Katuic, Ta'oih. More information.

TAI LOI

[TLQ] Myanmar.  Population total both countries 1,500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: LOI, TAILOI, WAKUT, MONGLWE. Dialects: TAI LOI, DOI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

TAKUA

[TKZ] Viet Nam. 5,000 to 10,000 (1973 SIL).  Alternate names: QUANG TIN KATU, LANGYA. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, East, Takua. More information.

TALIENG

[TDF] Laos.   Alternate names: TALIANG, TARIANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West. More information.

TAMPUAN

[TPU] Cambodia. 25,000 (1998).  Alternate names: TAMPHUAN, TAMPUEN, TAMPUON, KHA TAMPUON, CAMPUON, PROON, PROONS. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. More information.

TARENG

[TGR] Laos. 5,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TARIANG. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, East Katuic, Katu-Pacoh. More information.

TEMIAR

[TMH] Malaysia (Peninsular). 11,593 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TEMER, NORTHERN SAKAI, SEROQ, PIE. Dialects: GRIK, KENDERONG, KENERING, PO-KLO (SAKAI BUKIT OF TEMONGOH), SAKAI OF PLUS KORBU, SUNGAI PIAH, TANJONG RAMBUTAN, TEMBE' (TEMBI), ULU KINTA (KINTA SAKAI), LANOH KOBAK. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, Senoic. More information.

TEMOQ

[TMO] Malaysia (Peninsular). 350 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, South Aslian. More information.

TERESSA

[TEF] India.   Alternate names: TAIH-LONG. Dialects: BOMPOKA (BOMPAKA, PAUHUT). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Nicobar, Chowra-Teressa.

THE

[THX] Laos. 1,500 (1962 Lafont).  Alternate names: THAE. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Oi-The. More information.

THO

[TOU] Viet Nam. 30,000 (1996 Ferlus).  Alternate names: CUOI, CUOI CHAM, KEO, HO MUONG MERIDIONAL. Dialects: CUOI CHAM (UY LO), MON. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Cuoi. More information.

TODRAH

[TDR] Viet Nam. 5,000 (1973 SIL).  Alternate names: TODRÁ, DIDRAH, DIDRA, PODRA, MODRA, KODRA. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West, Sedang-Todrah, Todrah-Monom. More information.

TONGA

[TNZ] Thailand.  Population total both countries 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: MOS. Dialects: SATUN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Tonga. More information.

TRIENG

[STG] Viet Nam. 27,000 (1993 Dang Nghiem Van).  Alternate names: STRIENG, GIE-TRIENG, TAREH, TRENG, TA-RIENG, TALIENG, DGIÉH, GIANG RAY, PIN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric, West. More information.

U

[UUU] China. 3,000 (1990 J-O Svantesson).  Alternate names: PUMAN, P'UMAN. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic. More information.

VO

[WBM] Myanmar. 558,000 in Myanmar (1993 Johnstone). Population total both countries 618,000. Alternate names: WA, K'AWA, KAWA, VA, WA PWI, WAKUT. Dialects: WA LON, WU, KENTUNG WA, SON, EN, LA. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Wa. More information.

YINCHIA

[YIN] Myanmar. 4,000 (1974 Hackett).  Alternate names: STRIPED KAREN, YINNET, BLACK RIANG, RANEI. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Eastern Palaungic, Riang. More information.


 

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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