SERBO-CROATIAN: a language of Yugoslavia

Between the 14th and 15th editions this language code was retired from use.
Reason: The speech varieties denoted by the code were split into two or more distinct languages.
Remedy:  Change each instance of SRC to one of:

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).

SIL code: SRC

ISO 639-1: sr

ISO 639-2(B): scc

ISO 639-2(T): srp

ISO 639-1: bs

ISO 639-2: bos

ISO 639-1: hr

ISO 639-2(B): scr

ISO 639-2(T): hrv

Population 10,200,000 in Yugoslavia and Macedonia (1981 WA). Population total all countries 21,000,000 (1999 WA).
Region Serbia, Kossovo, and Montenegro. Also spoken in 23 other countries including Albania, Australia, Austria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Russia (Europe), Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey (Europe).
Alternate names   SERBIAN, MONTENEGRIN
Dialects CHAKAVIAN, KAJKAVIAN, STOKAVIAN, TORLAKIAN.
Classification Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western.
Comments Speakers are Serbs, Croatians, Bosnians, Montenegrins. National language. Grammar. SVO; postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word initial; 1 suffix; case determines subject, object; obligatory verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject, object, other noun phrase; passive for each tense, today not commonly used; causatives marked by separate words; comparatives marked by prefix; CCVCVC, nontonal. Roman script used by Croats, both Cyrillic and Roman by Serbs and Montenegrins. Orthodox (most Serbs). Bible 1804-1968.

Also spoken in:

Albania   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Alternate names   MONTENEGRIN
Comments Montenegrins. Mainly Muslim. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Austria   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Population 103,000 or more in Austria (1991).
Dialects BURGENLAND CROATIAN.
Comments The form of Croat spoken in Burgenland differs extensively from that spoken in the Republic of Croatia and intelligibility is difficult. Some dialects are heavily influenced by German. Bilingualism in Standard German. About 40 primary schools teach bilingually through Croat and German. Croat is used extensively by the RC church. Rapid assimilation with the German-speaking population. Investigation needed: bilingual proficiency in Standard German. Literacy rate in first language: Few. Christian. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Bosnia-Herzegovina   
Language name   BOSNIAN
Population 4,000,000 in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1995).
Dialects BOSNIAN, CROATIAN, SERBIAN.
Comments There are influences from Turkish and Arabic. Macedonian and Montenegrin are ethnic minorities speaking varieties of this language. Official language. Dictionary. SVO. Literacy rate in second language: 97%. Roman script used. Muslim, Christian, Jewish. Bible 1804-1999. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Croatia   
Language name   CROATIAN
Population 4,800,000 in Croatia (1995).
Alternate names   HRVATSKI
Dialects KAYKAVSKI, CHAKAVSKI, SHTOKAVSKI.
Comments Shtokavski is the official dialect, but the others are recognized as valid dialects, with a large body of literature. Other dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, are less intelligible. Bilingualism in English, German. Official language. SVO. Literacy rate in second language: 90%. Roman script. Christian, Muslim. Bible 1831-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Hungary   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Population 32,130 in Hungary, .3% of the population (1986).
Dialects CROATIAN, SERBIAN.
Comments Roman script used by Croats. Croats tend to be RC Christian. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Italy   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Population 3,500 in Italy (N. Vincent in B. Comrie 1987).
Dialects CROATIAN.
Comments They are reviving the use of Serbo-Croatian literature. Descendents of 15th and 16th century refugees. Official language. Christian, Muslim. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Macedonia   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Dialects SERBIAN.
Comments SVO. Roman script used. Christian. Bible 1831-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Romania   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Population 80,000 in Romania (1993 Johnstone).
Alternate names   SERBIAN
Comments Several dialects. Christian, Muslim. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Russia (Europe)   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Population 5,000 in Russia (1959 census).
Alternate names   SERBIAN
Comments Cyrillic script. Christian, Muslim. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Slovakia   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Dialects CROATIAN.
Comments Latin script used by Croats, Cyrillic by Serbs and Montenegrins. Christian, Muslim. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 
Turkey (Europe)   
Language name   SERBO-CROATIAN
Population 20,000 first language speakers (1980), out of 61,000 in Turkey (1980 estimate), 2,345 monolinguals (1965 census).
Alternate names   BOSNIAN
Comments 95% bilingual in Turkish. Muslim. Bible 1804-1968. See main entry under Yugoslavia.
 

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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