Archived 15th edition
Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Pacific > Papua New Guinea > Kuman

Kuman

A language of Papua New Guinea

ISO 639-3: kue

Population 80,000 (1994 SIL). 10,000 monolinguals.
Region Simbu Province, northern third, overlapping into Minj Subprovince of Western Highlands Province.
Alternate names   Chimbu, Simbu
Dialects Kuman, Nagane (Genagane, Genogane), Yongomugi.
Classification Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu
Language use Language of wider communication. Vigorous. Major language of the area. All domains. Oral use in local administration, in the first 3 grades in school, religion, local commerce. All ages. Positive language attitude. 70,000 use Tok Pisin as second language. 20,000 can also use English or various neighboring languages.
Language development Literacy rate in first language: 12%. Literacy rate in second language: 25% to 40%. 10,000 can read and write it. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1968–1995.
Comments SOV; clause chaining, auxiliary verbs with adjuncts. Mountain valley. Tropical forest, savannah. 1,200 to 4,500 meters. Swidden agriculturalists: coffee. Christian, traditional religion.