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Bibliography of Ethnologue Data Sources

Abbi, Anvita. 2006. Endangered languages of the Andaman Islands. LINCOM studies in Asian Linguistics, Vol. 64. Munich: LINCOM Europa.

Acebes, Argentina. 1966. Indígenas en Argentina. In. XXXVI Congreso Internacional de Americanistas, España 1964: Actas y Memorias. Tomo 3, pp. 543–546. Sevilla.

Acton, Thomas and Donald Kendrick (eds.). 1984. Romani Rokkeripen Todivvus. London: Romanestan Publications.

Addleton, Jonathan S. 1986. The importance of regional languages in Pakistan. Al-Mushir 28(2):55–80.

Adelaar, Willem F. H. 1991. The endangered problem: South America. In Robins, R. H. and E. M. Uhlenbeck (eds.). pp. 45–91.

Adelaar, Willem F. H. and Pieter C. Muysken. 2007. The languages of the Andes. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Adelberger, Jörg. 1995. Zum Verhältnis von Sprache, Ethnizität und Kultur in den Muri-Bergen Nordost-Nigerias. In Fleisch, Axel and Dirk Otten (eds.). pp. 13–27.

Adler, Max K. 1977. Pidgins, creoles, and lingua francas, a sociolinguistic study. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Afido, Pedro, Gregório Firmino, John Heins, Samba Mbuub and Manuel Trinta. 1989. Seminario sobre a padronização da ortografia de línguas moçambícanas. Maputo: Faculdade de Letras, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane.

Agard, Frederick B. 1984. A course in Romance linguistics, a diachronic view. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique. 1988. Atlas linguistique de l’Afrique Central. Bangui, Central African Republic.

Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 1996. Multilingual and monolingual placenames in Tariana. International Journal of American Linguistics 44(4):272–290.

Akiner, Shirin. 1983. Islamic peoples of the Soviet Union. London: Kegan Paul International.

Allen, Robert B., Jr. 1989. Betawi, Baba Malay, and Balinese: The recreolization of Malay. Paper presented at Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting. New York.

Alleyne, Mervyn C. n.d. A linguistic perspective on the Caribbean. Washington, D.C.: The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Anceaux, J. C. 1961. The linguistic situation in the islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau, and Miosnum, New Guinea. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Anceaux, J. C. 1978. The linguistic position of Southeast Sulawesi: A preliminary outline. In Wurm, S. A. and Lois Carrington (eds.). pp. 275–283.

Anderson, Franklin Scott. 1987. The lexicon of Fanagolo. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University.

Andersson, Lars-Gunnar and Tore Janson. 1997. Languages in Botswana: Language ecology in southern Africa. Gaborone: Longman Botswana.

Andrews, Peter Alford (ed.). 1989. Ethnic groups in the Republic of Turkey. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag.

Andrzejewski, B. W. 1975. The role of indicator particles in Somali. Afroasiatic Linguistics 1(6):1–69.

Andrzejewski, B. W. 1978. The development of a national orthography in Somalia and the modernization of the Somali language. Horn of Africa 1(3):39–45.

Andvik, Erik. 1993. Tshangla verb inflections: a preliminary sketch. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 16(1):75–136.

Ansaldo, Umberto and Lisa Lim. 2006. Globalisation, empowerment and the periphery: The Malays of Sri Lanka. In Elangaiyan, R., R. McKenna Brown, Nicholas D.M. Ostler and Mahendra K. Verma (eds.). pp. 39–46.

Appell, G. N. 1965. The nature of social groupings among the Rungus Dusun of Sabah, Malaysia. Ph.D. thesis, Australian National University.

Applegate, Joseph R. 1970. The Berber languages. In Sebeok, Thomas A. (ed.). pp. 586–661.

Arango, Raúl and Enrique Sánchez. 1998. Los pueblos indígenas de Colombia, 1997. Bogotá: Tercer Mundo Editores and Departamento Nacional de Planeación.

Arveiller, R. 1967. Études sur le parler de Monaco. Monaco: Comité National des Traditions Monégasques.

Aschmann, Richard P. 1993. Proto Witotoan. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 114. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.

Asher, Ronald E. and Christopher Moseley (eds.). 2007. Atlas of the world’s languages. London: Routledge.

Bakaev, C. X. 1962. Govor Kurdov Turkmenii [Language of the Kurds of Turkmenistan.]. Moscow: Nauk.

Baker, Brett. 2007. Ethnobiological classification and the environment in northern Australia. In Schalley, Andrea C. and Drew Khlentzos (eds.). pp. 239–265.

Baker, Philip. 1972. Kreol: A description of Mauritian Creole. London: C. Hurst and Co.

Baker, Philip and R. Ramnak. 1985. Mauritian Bhojpuri: An Indo-Aryan language spoken in a predominantly creolphone society. In Wurm, Stephen A. (ed.). pp. 215–238.

Barbour, Stephen and Patrick Stevenson. 1990. Variation in German: A critical approach to German sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Barker, Milton E. 1966. Proto-Vietnamuong initial labial consonants. Van-hóa Nguyêt-san 12:491–500.

Barr, Donald F., Sharon G. Barr and C. Salombe. 1979. Languages of Central Sulawesi: Checklist, preliminary classification, language maps, wordlists. Ujung Pandang: Summer Institute of Linguistics and Hasanuddin University.

Barreteau, Daniel (ed.). 1978. Inventaire des études linguistiques sur les pays d’Afrique noire d’expression française et sur Madagascar. Paris: CILF.

Barreteau, Daniel and C. Von Graffenried (eds.). 1992. Duration et chronologie dans le bassin du Lac Tchad. Paris: Editions ORSTOM.

Barrett, David B. (ed.). 1982. World Christian encyclopedia: A comparative study of churches and religions in the modern world A.D. 1900–2000. 1st edition. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Barry, Abdoulaye. 1987. The Joola languages: Subgrouping and reconstruction. Ph.D. thesis, School of African and Oriental Studies, University of London.

Bartholomew, Doris. 1965. The reconstruction of Otopamean (Mexico). Ph.D. thesis, University of Chicago.

Barz, R. and J. Siegel (eds.). 1988. Language transplanted: The development of overseas Hindi. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrasowitz.

Bastin, Yvonne. 1978. Les langues Bantoues. In Barreteau, Daniel (ed.). pp. 123–185.

Bateson, Mary Catherine. 1967. Arabic language handbook. Washington D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Batibo, Herman M. and Birgit Smieja (eds.). 2000. Botswana: The future of the minority languages. Düsseldorf: Peter Lang.

Baxter, Alan N. 1988. A grammar of Kristang (Malacca Creole Portuguese). Pacific Linguistics, Vol. B-95. Canberra: Australian National University.

Beaumont, C. L. 1972. New Ireland languages: A review. In Beaumont, C. L.,D. Tryon and S. A. Wurm (eds.). pp. 1–41.

Beaumont, C. L., D. Tryon and S. A. Wurm (eds.). 1972. Papers in linguistics of Melanesia. Pacific Linguistics, A-35. Canberra: Australian National University.

Becuwe, J. 1981. Les langues Fur de Côte d’Ivoire: Nomenclature en bibliographie. Cahiers Ivoiriens de Recherche Linguistique 10.

Bender, Byron W. 1971. Micronesian languages. In Sebeok, T (ed.). pp. 426–465.

Bender, Byron W. 1981. Micronesia/la Micronésie. In Kloss, Heinz and Grant D. McConnell (eds.). pp. 41–53.

Bender, Byron W. and Alfred Capelle. 1996. Dealing with the ABCs of Marshallese over twenty years. In Mugler, France and John Lynch (eds.). pp. 36–75.

Bender, Byron W. and Kenneth L. Rehg. 1991. Micronesian languages in jeopardy?. Paper presented at Sixth International Conference of Austronesian Linguistics. Honolulu, HI. May 1991.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1971. The languages of Ethiopia. Anthropological Linguistics 13(5):165–288.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1975. The Ethiopian Nilo-Saharans. Addis Ababa: s.n.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1975. Omotic: A new Afroasiatic language family. Southern Illinois University Museum Series, No 3. Carbondale: University of Southern Illinois.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1976. The non-Semitic languages of Ethiopia. Occasional Papers Series, Monograph No 5. East Lansing, MI: African Studies Center, Michigan State University.

Bender, M. Lionel (ed.). 1983. Nilo-Saharan language studies. East Lansing, MI: African Studies Center, Michigan State University.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1983. Remnant languages. In Bender, M. Lionel (ed.). pp. 336–354.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1989. The Eastern Jebel languages. In Bender, M. Lionel (ed.). pp. 151–179.

Bender, M. Lionel (ed.). 1989. Topics in Nilo-Saharan languages. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Bendor-Samuel, John and Rhonda L. Hartell (eds.). 1989. The Niger-Congo languages: A classification and description of Africa’s largest language family. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Benjamin, Geoffrey and Cynthia Chou (eds.). 2003. Tribal communities in the Malay world: Historical, cultural and social perspectives. 2nd edition. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Besnier, Nico. 1992. Polynesian languages. In Bright, William (ed.). pp. 245–251.

Bhurhanuddin, B. H. 1979. Bahasa-bahasa daerah di Sulawesi Tenggara. Tenggara: Kendari.

Biber, Douglas. 1984. Pragmatic roles in Central Somali narrative discourse. Studies in African Linguistics 15:1–26.

Bickel, Balthasar. 1996. Aspect, mood, and time in Belhare. Zurich: ASAS Press.

Bickerton, Derek. 1988. Creole languages and the bioprogram. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bickford, Albert. 2005. The signed languages of Eastern Europe. Accessed: 2007. SIL International.

Biggs, Bruce. 1980. The position of East Uvean and Anutan in the Polynesian language family. Journal of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand 23:115–134.

Bista, Dor Bahadur. 1967. People of Nepal. 1st edition. Kathmandu: His Majesty’s Government, Department of Publicity.

Bista, Dor Bahadur. 1973. Nepal in perspective. Kathmandu: Center for Economic Development Agencies (CEDA).

Bista, Dor Bahadur. 1996. People of Nepal. 6th edition. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.

Black, Paul. 1983. Aboriginal languages of the Northern Territory. Darwin: School of Australian Linguistics, Darwin Community College.

Blanchet, Phillippe. 1986. Idiome spécifique et culture populaire: Le français régional de Provence. Ph.D. dissertation, Sorbonne University.

Blau, Joyce. 1989. Gurani et Zaza. In Schmitt, Ruediger (ed.). pp. 336–340.

Blench, Roger M. 1987. A revision of the Index of Nigerian languages. The Nigerian Field, Journal of the Nigerian Field Society 52:77–84.

Blench, Roger M. 1989. Nupoid. In Bendor-Samuel, John and Rhonda L. Hartell (eds.). pp. 305–322.

Blench, Roger M. 1992. Recent research in the prehistory of Bantu languages. In Barreteau, Daniel and C. Von Graffenried (eds.). pp. 147–160.

Blench, Roger M. 1999. Recent fieldwork in Ghana: report on Dompo and a note on Mpre. Ogmios 11:14–15.

Blench, Roger M. 2003. Index and classification to Westermann’s Niger-Congo reconstructions. Cambridge: Mallam Dendo.

Blench, Roger M. 2005. A survey of Dogon languages in Mali: Overview. Ogmios 26:15.

Blench, Roger M., M. Spriggs and Bruce Connell (eds.). 1999. The languages of Africa: Macrophyla proposals and implications for archaeological interpretation. Archaeology and Language IV. London: Routledge.

Blench, Roger M. and D. Zeitlyn. 1990. A web of words. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika 10/11:171–186.

Blust, Robert A. 1974. The Proto-North Sarawak vowel deletion hypothesis. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Blust, Robert A. 1977. The Proto-Austronesian pronouns and Austronesian subgrouping: A preliminary report. Working Papers in Linguistics 9(2):1–15.

Blust, Robert A. 1991. Currents in Pacific linguistics: Papers on Austronesian languages and ethnolinguistics in honour of George W. Grace. Pacific Linguistics Series C-117. Canberra: Australian National University, Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies.

Boeder, R. B. 1984. Silent majority: A history of the Lomwe in Malawi. Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa.

Bolton, Rosemary. 1989. Nuaulu phonology. Working Papers in Indonesian Languages and Cultures 7:89–119.

Boone, Douglas W., David P. Bradley and Caroline A. Grant. 1999. Central Yambasa survey report. Accessed: 2008. SIL International.

Borg, Alexander. 1985. Cypriot Arabic. Stuttgart: Deutsch Morgenlaendische Gesellschaft.

Boutin, Michael E. 1986. Indigenous groups of Sabah: An annotated bibliography of linguistic and anthropological sources: Supplement 1. Sabah Museum Monograph 1, part 2. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia: Sabah Museum.

Boutin, Michael E. and Alanna Y. Boutin. 1985. Report on the languages of Banggi and Balambangan. Sabah Society Journal 8(1):89–92.

Boyd, Raymond. 1989. Adamawa-Ubangi. In Bendor-Samuel, John and Rhonda L. Hartell (eds.). pp. 178–216.

Boyeldieu, Pascal. 1977. Etudes phonologiques tchadiennes. Paris: S.E.L.A.F.

Bradley, C. Henry. 1968. A method for determining dialectal boundaries and relationships. América Indígena 28:751–760.

Bradley, David P. 1996. Bantawa Rai. In Wurm, S. A. (ed.). pp. 772–773.

Bradley, David P. 1997. Tibeto-Burman languages and classification. In Bradley, David (ed.). pp. 1–71.

Bradley, David P. (ed.). 1997. Tibeto-Burman languages of the Himalayas: Papers in Southeast Asian linguistics. Pacific Linguistics. Canberra: Australian National University.

Bradley, David P. 2007. East and South East Asia. In Asher, R. E. and Christopher Moseley (eds.). pp. 157–197.

Brassett, Philip R. and Cecila Brassett. 2005. Diachronic and synchronic overview of the Tujia language of Central South China. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 2005(176):75–97.

Brauns, Claus Dieter and Lorenz G. Loffler. 1990. Mru: Hill people on the border of Bangladesh. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag.

Brenzinger, Matthias. 1997. Moving to survive: Kxoe communities in arid lands. Hunter-gatherers in transition: Language, identity, and conceptualization among the Khoisan. Köln: Khoisau–Forum 2.

Brenzinger, Matthias, Heine Bernd and G. Sommer. 1991. Language death in Africa. In Robins, R. H. and E. M. Uhlenbeck (eds.). pp. 19–44.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1986. Cartes linguistiques (Cameroun, Centrafrique, Congo, Gabon, Zaïre, Tchad), Conference des Ministres de l’Education Nationale des Etats de’expression française. p.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1991. The handicaps of language planning in Africa. In Marshall, David F. (ed.). pp. 153–174.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1997. Atlas of the languages and ethnic communities of South Asia. New Delhi: Sage Publications India.

Bright, William (ed.). 1992. Oxford international encyclopedia of linguistics. Vol. 1–4. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Browne, Wayles, Ewa Dornisch, Natash Kondrashova and Draga Zec (eds.). 1997. Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: The Cornell Meeting, 1995. Michigan Slavic Materials 39. Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications.

Bryan, Margaret A. 1959. The Bantu languages of Africa. London: Oxford University Press.

Buddruss, Georg. 1960. Zur Mythologie der Prasun-Kafiren. pp. 22–31.

Burling, Robbins. 2003. The Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India. In Thurgood, Graham and Randy J. LaPolla (eds.). pp. 167–192.

Butt, Audrey J. 1966. The present state of ethnology in Latin America: The Guianas. In. XXXVI Congreso Internacional de Americanistas, España 1964. Tomo 3, pp. 19–37. Sevilla.

Callaghan, Catherine A. 1998. More evidence for Yok-Utian: A re-analysis of the Dixon and Kroeber sets. Paper presented at Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas. New York.

Campbell, Lyle and Marianne Mithun (eds.). 1979. The languages of native America: Historical and comparative assessment. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Campbell, Lyle and David Oltrogge. 1980. Proto-Tol (Jicaque). International Journal of American Linguistics 46:205–223.

Caprile, Jean Pierre (ed.). 1977. Etudes phonologiques tchadiennes. Paris: SELAF.

Caprile, Jean Pierre and J. Fedry. 1969. Documentation présentée par le groupe des langues Sara. Lyon: République du Tchad.

Capron, Jean. 1973. Communautes villageoises Mali-Haute Volta Bwa, Vol. 1. Paris: Institut d’Ethnologie.

Cardoso, Hugo C. 2006. Challenges to Indo-Portuguese across India. In Elangaiyan, R., R. McKenna Brown, Nicholas D.M. Ostler and Mahendra K. Verma (eds.). pp. 23–30.

Carlin, Eithne B. 1998. Speech community formation: A sociolinguistic profile of the Trio of Suriname. New West Indian Guide 72(1,2):4–42.

Carlin, Eithne B. 2001. Of riches and rhetoric: Languages in Suriname. In Hoefte, R. and P. Meel (eds.). pp. 220–243.

Carrington, Lois. 1996. A linguistic bibliography of the New Guinea area. Pacific Linguistics, Vol. D-90. Canberra: Australian National University.

Carrington, Lawrence D. 1984. St. Lucian Creole: A descriptive analysis. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Casad, Eugene H. 1974. Dialect intelligibility testing. SIL Publications in Linguistics and Related Fields 38. Norman, OK: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Cense, A. A. and E. M. Uhlenbeck. 1958. A critical survey of studies on the languages of Borneo. Bibliographical Series, Vol. 2. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Chafe, Wallace L. 1962. Estimates regarding the present speakers of North American Indian languages. International Journal of American Linguistics 28:162–171.

Chafe, Wallace L. 1965. Corrected estimates regarding speakers of Indian languages. International Journal of American Linguistics 31:345–346.

Chagnoux, H. and A. Haribou. 1980. Les Comores. Que sais-je?. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

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Chebanne, Andy and Moemedi Nthapelelang. 2000. The socio-linguistic survey of Eastern Khoe in the Boteti and Makgadikgadi Pans areas of Botswana. In Batibo, H. M. and B. Smieja (eds.). pp. 79–94.

Chetrit, Joseph. 1985. Atlas des ethnies et des sous-ethnies du Laos. In Fishman, Joshua A. (ed.). pp. 261–279.

Chowdhury, J. N. 1996. Arunachal Panorama. Itanagar, New Delhi: M/s. Himalayan Publishers/ Directorate of Research, Arunachal Pradesh.

Chyet, Michael L. 2003. Kurdish-English dictionary—Ferhenga Kurmancî-Inglîzî. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

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Cohen, David. 1985. Judeo-Arabic of North Africa. In Fishman, Joshua A. (ed.). pp. 246–260.

Cohen, Pedro I. 1976. El inglés criollo de Panamá. Panamá: Editorial Universitaria.

Collins, James T. 1983. The historical relationships of the languages of Central Maluku, Indonesia. Pacific Linguistics, Vol. D-47. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Collins, James T. and C. L. Voorhoeve. 1981. Language atlas of the Pacific area, Part 1: New Guinea area, Oceania, Australia. Maps 2 and 4. In Wurm, Stephen A. and Shiro Hattori (eds.).

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Comrie, Bernard (ed.). 1987. The world’s major languages, I, II. London: Routledge.

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Connell, Bruce. 1994. The Lower Cross languages: A prolegomena to the classification of the Cross River languages. Journal of West African Languages 24(1):3–46.

Coon, Carleton Stevens. 1931. Tribes of the Rif. Harvard African Studies, Vol. IX. Cambridge, MA: Peabody Museum of Harvard University.

Cowan, George M. 1952. El idioma silbado entre los mazatecos de Oaxaca y los tepehuas de Hidalgo, México. Tlatoani 1:31–33.

Cowan, George M. 1972. Segmental features of Tepehua whistle speech. In Rigualt, A. and R. Charbonneau (eds.). pp. 695–698.

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Dai Qingxia and Duan Kuangle. 1995. An Introduction to the Hani Language [Haniyu Gailun]. Kunming: Yunnan Minzu Chubanshe (Ethnic Affairs Commission of Simao Administrative Bureau of Yunnan Province).

Dalby, T. D. P. 1962. Language distribution in Sierra Leone: 1961–1962. Sierra Leone Language Review 1:62–67.

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de Sales, A. 1993. When the miners came to light: The Chantel of Dhaulagiri. In Toffin, Gerard (ed.). pp. 91–97.

Delafosse, Maurice. 1904. Vocabulaires comparatifs de plus de soixante langues ou dialectes parlés à la Côte d’Ivoire et dans les régions limitrophes. Paris: Laroux.

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Deuchar, Margaret. 1977. Sign language diglossia in a British deaf community. Sign Language Studies 17:347–356.

Dieu, Michel and Patrick Renaud (eds.). 1983. Situation linguistique en Afrique Centrale. Inventaire Preliminaire: Le Cameroun. Atlas Linguistique de l’Afrique Centrale (ALAC); Atlas linguistique du Cameroun (ALCAM). Paris and Yaoundé: ACCT/CERDOTOLA/DGRST.

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Durbin, Marshall and Haydee Seijas. 1973. Proto Hianacoto: Guaque-Carijona-Hianacoto Umaua. International Journal of American Linguistics 39(1):22–31.

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