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Language Family Trees

Austronesian

Austronesian (1257)

Atayalic (2)

Atayal  [tay] (Taiwan)

Taroko  [trv] (Taiwan)

Bunun (1)

Bunun  [bnn] (Taiwan)

East Formosan (5)

Central (2)

Amis  [ami] (Taiwan)

Amis, Nataoran  [ais] (Taiwan)

Northern (2)

Basay  [byq] (Taiwan)

Kavalan  [ckv] (Taiwan)

Southwest (1)

Siraya  [fos] (Taiwan)

Malayo-Polynesian (1237)

Celebic (64)

Eastern (33)

Saluan-Banggai (6)

Southeastern (27)

Kaili-Pamona (16)

Northern (10)

Southern (6)

Tomini-Tolitoli (10)

Tolitoli (2)

Tomini (8)

Wotu-Wolio (5)

Kalao (2)

Wolio-Kamaru (2)

Wotu  [wtw] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Central-Eastern (718)

Central Malayo-Polynesian (169)

Aru (14)

Babar (11)

Bima-Sumba (27)

Central Maluku (55)

North Bomberai (4)

South Bomberai (1)

Southeast Maluku (5)

Teor-Kur (2)

Timor (49)

West Damar (1)

Eastern Malayo-Polynesian (547)

Oceanic (506)

South Halmahera-West New Guinea (41)

Hukumina (1)

Hukumina  [huw] (Indonesia (Maluku))

Unclassified (1)

Kuri  [nbn] (Indonesia (Papua))

Chamorro (1)

Chamorro  [cha] (Guam)

Enggano (1)

Enggano  [eno] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Greater Barito (33)

Barito-Mahakam (2)

Ampanang  [apg] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Tunjung  [tjg] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

East (18)

Central-South (5)

Malagasy (11)

North (2)

Sama-Bajaw (8)

Abaknon (1)

Sulu-Borneo (7)

West (5)

North (3)

South (2)

Javanese (5)

Javanese  [jav] (Indonesia (Java and Bali))

Javanese, Caribbean  [jvn] (Suriname)

Javanese, New Caledonian  [jas] (New Caledonia)

Osing  [osi] (Indonesia (Java and Bali))

Tengger  [tes] (Indonesia (Java and Bali))

Lampung (3)

Komering  [kge] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Lampung Api  [ljp] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Lampung Nyo  [abl] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Land Dayak (13)

Bakati’ (3)

Bakati’  [bei] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Bakati’, Rara  [lra] (Malaysia (Sarawak))

Bakati’, Sara  [sre] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Bidayuh (4)

Core (3)

Eastern (1)

Southern (4)

Jangkang  [djo] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Kembayan  [xem] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Ribun  [rir] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Semandang  [sdm] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Benyadu’  [byd] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Sanggau  [scg] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Malayo-Sumbawan (71)

Madurese (2)

Kangean  [kkv] (Indonesia (Java and Bali))

Madura  [mad] (Indonesia (Java and Bali))

North and East (67)

Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa (3)

Chamic (11)

Malayic (53)

Sundanese (2)

Badui  [bac] (Indonesia (Java and Bali))

Sunda  [sun] (Indonesia (Java and Bali))

Moklen (2)

Moken  [mwt] (Myanmar)

Moklen  [mkm] (Thailand)

North Borneo (99)

Melanau-Kajang (11)

Kajang (6)

Melanau (5)

North Sarawakan (53)

Berawan-Lower Baram (8)

Bintulu (1)

Dayic (18)

Kayan-Kenyah (25)

Punan Tubu (1)

Rejang-Sajau (5)

Basap  [bdb] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Burusu  [bqr] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Penan, Bah-Biau  [pna] (Malaysia (Sarawak))

Punan Merap  [puc] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Sajau Basap  [sjb] (Indonesia (Kalimantan))

Sabahan (29)

Dusunic (22)

Ida’an (1)

Paitanic (6)

Punan Batu 1  [pnm] (Malaysia (Sarawak))

Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands (12)

Batak (7)

Northern (3)

Simalungan (1)

Southern (3)

Nias (2)

Nias  [nia] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Sikule  [skh] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Gayo  [gay] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Mentawai  [mwv] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Simeulue  [smr] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

Palauan (1)

Palauan  [pau] (Palau)

Philippine (179)

Bashiic (3)

Ivatan (2)

Yami (1)

Bilic (5)

Blaan (2)

Tboli (1)

Giangan  [bgi] (Philippines)

Tiruray  [tiy] (Philippines)

Central Luzon (10)

Pampangan (1)

Sambalic (8)

Sinauna (1)

Greater Central Philippine (93)

Central Philippine (47)

Danao (3)

Gorontalo-Mongondow (9)

Manobo (15)

Palawanic (7)

South Mangyan (4)

Subanon (5)

Umiray Dumaget (3)

Kalamian (2)

Agutaynen  [agn] (Philippines)

Tagbanwa, Calamian  [tbk] (Philippines)

Minahasan (5)

North (4)

Tonsawang  [tnw] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

North Mangyan (3)

Alangan  [alj] (Philippines)

Iraya  [iry] (Philippines)

Tadyawan  [tdy] (Philippines)

Northern Luzon (52)

Arta (1)

Ilocano (1)

Meso-Cordilleran (34)

Northern Cordilleran (16)

Sangiric (5)

Northern (2)

Southern (3)

Agta, Villa Viciosa  [dyg] (Philippines)

Rejang (1)

Rejang  [rej] (Indonesia (Sumatra))

South Sulawesi (31)

Bugis (4)

Tamanic (2)

Bugis  [bug] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Campalagian  [cml] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Lemolang (1)

Lemolang  [ley] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Makassar (5)

Bentong  [bnu] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Konjo, Coastal  [kjc] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Konjo, Highland  [kjk] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Makasar  [mak] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Selayar  [sly] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Northern (17)

Mamuju (1)

Mandar (1)

Masenrempulu (4)

Pitu Ulunna Salu (5)

Toraja-Sa’dan (6)

Seko (4)

Panasuan (2)

Seko Padang  [skx] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Seko Tengah  [sko] (Indonesia (Sulawesi))

Unclassified (3)

Gorap  [goq] (Indonesia (Maluku))

Katabaga  [ktq] (Philippines)

Nasal  [nsy] (Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara))

Northwest Formosan (2)

Kulon-Pazeh  [uun] (Taiwan)

Saisiyat  [xsy] (Taiwan)

Paiwan (1)

Paiwan  [pwn] (Taiwan)

Puyuma (1)

Puyuma  [pyu] (Taiwan)

Rukai (1)

Rukai  [dru] (Taiwan)

Tsouic (3)

Kanakanabu  [xnb] (Taiwan)

Saaroa  [sxr] (Taiwan)

Tsou  [tsu] (Taiwan)

Unclassified (1)

Ketangalan  [kae] (Taiwan)

Western Plains (3)

Central Western Plains (2)

Babuza  [bzg] (Taiwan)

Papora-Hoanya  [ppu] (Taiwan)

Thao (1)

Thao  [ssf] (Taiwan)

Language Family Index