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Adi, Galo

A language of India

ISO 639-3adl

Population  30,000 (2007 M. Post). A few older adult monolinguals. 74,600 (Joshua Project 07); 150,000–250,000 (Gode Doke 2006).
Region  Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Siang, East Siang, Dibang Valley (south), Lohit (east), Changlang (northeast), some in Upper Subansiri (west) districts.
Alternate names   Adi, Adi-Gallong, Adi-Galo, Galo, Gallong, Galong
Dialects  Lare, Pugo, Karka, Ngongo. Reportedly intelligible with other Adi dialects but sociolinguistically distinct. Lare is the main dialect and is accepted by all the Galo.
Classification  Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, North Assam, Tani
Language use  Nearly all speak some Hindi and Assamese [asm]. English is spoken by the educated and the young. Village, home. All ages. Hindi used in the military. English is used by educated and the young.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 60%. More men can read than women but more girls and women are learning. Radio programs.
Writing system  Han script, Simplified variant. Latin script. Picturegrams script.
Comments  A Scheduled Tribe. SOV; postpositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before and after noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without; question word initial; maximum prefixes 2, maximum suffixes 4–5; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; causatives and comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV patterns; nontonal. Agriculturalists. Hinduized traditional religion, Buddhists, Christians.
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