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Akan

A language of Ghana

ISO 639-3aka

Population  8,300,000 in Ghana (2004 SIL). Population includes 2,800,000 Asante Twi, 1,900,000 Fante, 555,000 Akuapem Twi (2004).
Region  Asante are south central, Ashanti Province; Akuapem are southeast, north of Accra; Fante are south central, between Winneba, Takoradi, and Obuasi.
Language map  Ghana, reference number 5
Dialects  Agona, Anomabo Fanti, Abura Fanti, Gomua; Ahafo, Akuapem (Akwapem Twi, Akuapim, Akwapi, Twi), Akyem (Akyem Bosome), Asante (Ashante Twi, Asanti, Achanti), Asen, Dankyira, Fante (Fanti, Mfantse), Kwawu (Kwahu).
Classification  Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Nyo, Potou-Tano, Tano, Central, Akan
Language use  1,000,000 L2 speakers.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 30%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–10%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1871–1964.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  The two main subdivisions of Akan are assigned codes in the ISO 639-3 standard: Fanti [fat] and Twi [twi]. Fanti dialects: Agona, Anomabo Fanti, Abura Fanti, Gomua. Twi dialects: Ahafo, Akuapem, Akyem, Asante, Asen, Dankyira, Kwawu. SVO.