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Haryanvi

A language of India

ISO 639-3bgc

Population  13,000,000 (1992 SIL). 107,000 Haryanvi proper (1997). Ethnic population: 16,000,000 (1992 SIL).
Region  Haryana; Rajasthan; Punjab; Karnataka; Delhi; Himachal Pradesh; Uttar Pradesh.
Alternate names   Bangaru, Banger, Bangri, Bangru, Chamarwa, Desari, Hariani, Hariyani, Haryani, Jatu
Dialects  Bangaru Proper, Deswali, Khadar. Good intelligibility among dialects, but Haryanvi is not intelligible with Hindi. Most similar to Braj Bhasha [bra]. Lexical similarity: 92% among dialects.
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Unclassified
Language use  Home, religion. All ages. Positive attitude. Also use Hindi.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 55% Hindi. Dictionary. Bible portions: 2001.
Writing system  Devanagari script.
Comments  ‘Bangru’ now used for speakers in Jind area; ‘Khadar’ used by speakers in Jind to refer to the speech of Rohtak and Sonipat. Hindu, Muslim.
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