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Burushaski

A language of Pakistan

ISO 639-3bsk

Population  87,000 in Pakistan (2000).
Region  North Gilgit District areas, Hunza-Nagar and Yasin areas; scattered in Gilgit, Kashmir, and various cities. Also in India.
Language map  Northern Pakistan, reference number 4
Alternate names   Biltum, Brushaski, Burucaki, Burucaski, Burushaki, Burushki, Khajuna, Kunjut
Dialects  Nagar (Nagir), Hunza, Yasin (Werchikwar). Yasin is geographically separated from other dialects. Lexical similarity: 91%–94% between Nagar and Hunza dialects, 67%–72% between Yasin and Hunza, 66%–71% between Yasin and Nagar, and may be a separate language.
Classification  Language isolate
Language use  Yasin also use Khowar [khw] or some Urdu [urd].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 20%.
Writing system  Arabic script, Nastaliq style, no longer in use, plans for future development using this script. Arabic script, Naskh style. Latin script.
Comments  People are called Burusho. SOV. Muslim (Ismaili and Shi’a).