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Chinantec, Comaltepec

A language of Mexico

ISO 639-3cco

Population  2,000 (1990 census). 145 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 2,000.
Region  North Oaxaca, Santiago Comaltepec, Soledad Tectitlán, La Esperanza, San Martín Soyolapan, Vista Hermosa (Quiotepec), San Pedro Yolox, Rosario Temextitlán, Maninaltepec.
Language map  Southern Central Mexico, reference number 181
Alternate names   Jmii’
Dialects  69% intelligibility of Quiotepec [chq] (most similar), 7% of Tepetotutla [cnt].
Classification  Oto-Manguean, Chinantecan
Language use  Vigorous. All domains, local administration, preschool, religion. Written use to record customs, traditions, history. All ages. Positive attitude. 80 also use English.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–2%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%. 1%–2% can read, less than 1% can write. Radio programs. Videos. NT: 2002.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  People leave the area for jobs. VSO; short words, affixes; tonal. Swidden agriculturalists.