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Chaldean Neo-Aramaic

A language of Iraq

ISO 639-3cld

Population  110,000 in Iraq (1994 H. Mutzafi). Population total all countries: 216,000.
Region  Mosul, Baghdad, Basrah, southeast Iraqi Kurdistan. Also in Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Lebanon, Netherlands, Sweden, Syria, Turkey (Asia), United States.
Language map  Iraq
Alternate names   Chaldean, Fallani, Fellihi, Kaldaya, Kildani, Lishana Kaldaya, Modern Chaldean, Neo-Chaldean, Soorath, Soorith, Suras, Sureth
Dialects  Mangesh, Alqosh, Tel Kepe, Tisqopa, Bartille, Shirnak-Chizre (Bohtan), Dihok. High intelligibility of Lishana Deni [lsd] and Ashirat [aii] (western dialect group of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic); little or no intelligibility with other Northeastern Aramaic varieties.
Classification  Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern
A member of macrolanguage Syriac [syr] (Iraq).
Language development  NT: 2006.
Writing system  Syriac script.
Comments  The ethnic group is distinct religiously from speakers of other Northeastern Aramaic varieties; separated from the Assyrian during the 16th century. The names Chaldean and Assyrian are sometimes each used in a popular sense to include both groups. Originally located in central western and northern Iraqi Kurdistan and some in bordering Turkey. Christian.
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