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Cree, Plains

A language of Canada

ISO 639-3crk

Population  34,000 in Canada (1982 SIL). All Cree L1 speakers in Canada 97,230 (2001 census). Population total all countries: 34,100. Ethnic population: 53,000.
Region  North central Manitoba west across Saskatchewan and central Alberta to the foot of Rocky Mountains. Also in United States.
Language maps  Canada, reference number 2
Canada, reference number 3
Canada, reference number 5
Canada, reference number 6
Canada, reference number 7
Canada, reference number 8
Southwestern Canada
Alternate names   Western Cree
Dialects  Plains Cree, Western York Cree, Northern Alberta Cree. Nonpalatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup.
Classification  Algic, Algonquian, Central, Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi
A member of macrolanguage Cree [cre] (Canada).
Language use  Official in Northwest Territories. Vigorous in many communities mainly in the north. All ages. Also use English.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Grammar. Bible: 1861–1908.
Writing system  Latin script. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script, uses western finals, dot after.

Also spoken in:

United States

Language name   Cree, Plains
Population  100 in United States (2001 I. Goddard), decreasing. Ethnic population may include Chippewa [ciw]. Ethnic population: 1,555 (2000 census).
Region  North central Montana, Rocky Boy Reservation.
Language map  Northern Central United States of America
Alternate names  Western Cree
Language use  Mainly older adults. Also use English.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%.