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Darmiya

A language of India

ISO 639-3drd

Population  1,750 (2006 Willis). Population total all countries: 2,950. Ethnic population: 4,000.
Region  Uttarakhand, Pithoragarh District, Darchula and Munsyari tahsils, Dhauli Valley, from Tawaghat near Dharchula south to Sipoo in the north along Dhauli River. Dar, Bongling, Selachal, Nanglin, Baling, Dugtu, Saung, Baun, Philam, Datu, Gwo, Marchha, Dhakar, Sobla, Sipoo villages. Also in Nepal.
Alternate names   Darimiya, Darmani, Saukas, Shaukas
Dialects  Related to Rangkas [rgk], Chaudangsi [cdn], Byangsi [bee].
Classification  Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Himalayish, Tibeto-Kanauri, Western Himalayish, Almora
Language use  Learn Kumaoni [kfy] and Hindi simultaneously with their mother tongue. Code switching and code mixing very common. Uncertain whether stable bilingualism will continue or whether Kumaoni or Hindi will replace Darmiya. Home, community. Low prestige. Many also use Kumaoni [kfy] or Hindi. Some also use Tibetan [bod] or Nepali [nep]. Hindi is medium of education at all levels.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Grammar.
Comments  ‘Ranglo’ or ‘Rang’ often used for Byangs, Chaudangs, Darmiya, and Rongpo. Agriculturalists; weavers. Hindu mixed with traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

Nepal

Language name   Darmiya
Population  1,200 in Nepal (2000).
Region  Mahakali zone, Darchula District, Dhauli or Darma Valley, 16 villages.
Language map  Western Nepal, reference number 24
Alternate names  Darimiya, Sauka, Shauka
Comments  May only be in India (Bradley 1997). Sharma (1989) makes no reference to speakers in Nepal, but Rana (2000) mentions Shaukas in Darma Valley. Hindu.
 
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