||180,000,000 in India (1991 UBS). Population total all countries: 181,676,620.
||Throughout north India: Delhi; Uttar Pradesh; Uttarakhand; Rajasthan; Punjab; Madhya Pradesh; northern Bihar; Himachal Pradesh. Also in Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Botswana, Canada, Djibouti, Germany, Kenya, Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Yemen, Zambia.
||Khadi Boli, Khari Boli
||Formal vocabulary borrowed from Sanskrit, de-Persianized, de-Arabicized. Literary Hindi, or Hindi-Urdu, has 4 varieties: Hindi (High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, Literary Hindi, Standard Hindi); Urdu; Dakhini; Rekhta. “Hindustani”, though not listed separately in India, refers here to the unofficial lingua franca of northwest India. Has a lexical mixture in varying proportions of Hindi (vocabulary derived from Sanskrit) and Urdu (vocabulary derived from Persian or Arabic).
||Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani
||Official language. 120,000,000 L2 speakers (Wiesenfeld 1999).
||Fully developed. Bible: 1818–2000.
||Hindi, Hindustani, Urdu could be considered co-dialects, but have important sociolinguistic differences. SOV. Hindu.