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Hindko, Northern

A language of Pakistan

ISO 639-3hno

Population  1,880,000 (1981 census). Total Hindko in Pakistan 3,000,000 (1993).
Region  Hazara Division, Mansehra and Abbotabad districts, Indus and Kaghan valleys and valleys of Indus tributaries, NWFP.
Language maps  Northern Pakistan, reference number 19
Southern Pakistan
Alternate names   Hazara Hindko, Hindki, Kagani, Kaghani
Dialects  Also related to Panjabi [pnb], Seraiki [skr], and Pahari-Potwari [phr]; which have all been called ‘Greater Panjabi’, forming part of ‘Lahnda’. Lexical similarities within Northern Hindko dialects are 82%–92%, between Northern and Southern Hindko [hnd] varieties 67%–82%.
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Lahnda
A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah] (Pakistan).
Language use  Also use Urdu [urd], Pashto, or Western Panjabi [pnb].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: Below 20%. Poetry. Radio programs. TV. NT: 1991.
Writing system  Arabic script.
Comments  Muslim (Sunni).