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Georgian

A language of Georgia

ISO 639-3kat

Population  3,900,000 in Georgia (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 4,255,270. Ethnic population: 3,981,000 (1993 UBS).
Region  Also in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names   Common Kartvelian, Gruzinski, Kartuli
Dialects  Imeretian, Racha-Lexchxum (Lechkhum), Gurian, Adzhar (Acharian), Imerxev Kartlian, Kaxetian (Kakhetian), Ingilo, Tush, Xevsur (Kheysur), Moxev (Mokhev), Pshav, Mtiul, Ferejdan, Meskhur-Javakhuri. Imerxev is in Turkey, Ferejdan may no longer be spoken in Iran.
Classification  Kartvelian, Georgian
Language use  Official language. Meskhi are ethnically Georgian, speak Georgian, are Eastern Orthodox, and live in southwest Georgia.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1743–1989.
Writing system  Georgian script, Mkhedruli style.
Comments  Adzhai Muslims are in Armenia. South Caucasian also called ‘Kartvelian’. ‘Gruzinski’ is the Russian name. SVO. Christian, Muslim (Sunni and Shi’a).

Also spoken in:

Azerbaijan

Language name   Georgian
Population  16,300 in Azerbaijan (2000).
Language map  Azerbaijan
 

Iran

Language name   Georgian
Population  60,000 in Iran.
Region  Fereydan and Fereydunshahr provinces, Esfahan, Najaf Abad, Shahin Shahr, Yazdanshahr.
Alternate names  Gruzin, Kartuli
Dialects  Fereydan (Ferejdan).
Comments  Muslim.
 

Turkey (Asia)

Language name   Georgian
Population  40,000 in Turkey (1980). 4,042 monolinguals (1965 census). Ethnic population: 91,000.
Region  North and northwest Anatolia, Artvin, Ordu, Sakarya, and other provinces.
Alternate names  Gruzin, Kartuli
Dialects  Imerxev.
Language use  Also use Turkish [tur].
Comments  Muslim (Sunni).