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Makonde

A language of Tanzania

ISO 639-3kde

Population  980,000 in Tanzania (2006). Population total all countries: 1,340,000.
Region  Mtwara region, primarily Mtwara Urban, Mtwara Rural, Tandahomba, and Newala districts. Also in Mozambique.
Language map  Tanzania, reference number 113
Alternate names   Chimakonde, Chinimakonde, Konde, Matambe, Matambwe, Mekwengo
Dialects  “Maviha” , Matambwe. The Matambwe dialect may be more similar to Yao [yao] than Makonde, and may even be a separate language or dialect of Mwera [mwe].
Classification  Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Yao (P.20)
Language use  Vigorous. Also use some Swahili [swh].
Language development  Grammar. Bible portions.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Largely assimilated into Tanzanian Makonde culture. Muslim, Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

Mozambique

Language name   Makonde
Population  360,000 in Mozambique (2006).
Region  Northeast. Maviha in Mueda.
Language map  Mozambique, reference number 17
Alternate names  Chimakonde, Chinimakonde, Cimakonde, Konde, Maconde, Makonda, Matambwe, Shimakonde
Dialects  Vadonde (Donde, Ndonde), Vamwalu (Mwalu), Vamwambe (Mwambe), Vamakonde (Makonde), Maviha (Chimaviha, Kimawiha, Mavia, Mabiha, Mawia).
Language use  Reserved toward outsiders.
Comments  Woodcarvers; agriculturalists. Muslim, traditional religion, Christian.