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Kurux

A language of India

ISO 639-3kru

Population  2,050,000 in India (1997). 1,834,000 Oraon, 219,000 Kisan. Population total all countries: 2,094,200.
Region  Chhattisgarh, Raigarh, Surguja districts; Jharkhand Ranchi District; West Bengal, Jalpaigiri District; Bihar; Orissa, Sundargarh, Jharsuguda districts; Assam; Tripura. Also in Bangladesh, Bhutan.
Alternate names   Birhor, Kadukali, Kisan, Koda, Kola, Kora, Kuda, Kunha, Kunhar, Kunna, Kunrukh, Kunuk, Kurka, Kurukh, Morva, Oraon, Urang, Uraon
Dialects  Oraon, Kisan. Kisan and Oraon dialects have 73% intelligibility. Oraon becoming standard. Related to Kumarbhag Paharia [kmj]. Different from Nepali Kurux [kxl].
Classification  Dravidian, Northern
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 62% Oraon in Chhattisgarh, 25% in Bihar, 17% of those in Kisan dialect. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2000.
Writing system  Devanagari script.
Comments  Kisan and Oraon are Scheduled Tribes. Hindu, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Bangladesh

Language name   Kurux
Population  40,000 in Bangladesh, decreasing. Ethnic population: 50,000.
Language map  Bangladesh
Alternate names  Kurukh, Oraoan, Uraon
Language use  All ages. Neutral attitude.
 

Bhutan

Language name   Kurux
Population  4,200 in Bhutan (2002).
Alternate names  Kurukh, Oraoan, Uraon