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Kudmali

A language of India

ISO 639-3kyw

Population  37,000 (1997).
Region  Jharkhand, east side; West Bengal, west Purulia, Bankura Malda, Nadia, and Western Midnapur districts; Orissa, Keonjhar, Mayourbhanj, and Sundargargh districts; Assam, Darrang, Sonitpur, Golaghat, Jorhat districts.
Alternate names   Bedia, Dharua, Khotta, Kurmali, Kurumali, Kurmali Thar
Dialects  Lexical similarity: 58%–89% between varieties, 61%–86% with Panchpargania [tdb], 58%–72% with Khortha, 51%–73% with Sadri [sck], 46% to 53% with Oriya [ori], 41%–55% with Bengali [ben], 44%–58% with Hindi.
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari
Language use  Vigorous. Most young people in Orissa speak Oriya [ori] among themselves rather than Kudmali. All domains. All ages. Positive attitude. Also use Oriya, Hindi, or Bengali [ben].
Language development  There are Pre-degree, Degree, and MA programs in Kudmali.
Comments  Kudmali is spoken by the Kurmi people of Assam brought to the tea gardens from Bihar, Orissa, and West Bengal. Hindu.
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