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Karang

A language of Cameroon

ISO 639-3kzr

Population  17,000 in Cameroon (1991 SIL). Population total all countries: 18,000.
Region  North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Madingring District [homeland], south border of Bouba Ndjida National Park, south from Madingring, southeast to Lawzigoy (toward Touboro). 25 villages. [displaced: Garoua, Ngong, Ngaoundéré, Touboro (and surrounding villages), Tcholliré]. Also in Chad.
Language map  Northern Cameroon, reference number 85
Alternate names   Mbum, Mbum-East
Dialects  Ngumi. Related to Pana [pnz], Nzakambay [nzy], Kuo [xuo], and Mbere [mdt].
Classification  Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Eastern Mbum, Karang
Language use  Vigorous. All ages. Positive attitude. Most also use some Fulfulde; some also use some French. Bilingualism declining in French due to decline in education.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 10 to 20%. Literacy rate in L2: 10 to 20%. Literacy rates declined in recent years (2007). Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1999.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Christian, traditional religion, a few Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Chad

Language name   Karang
Population  1,000 in Chad (1995 SIL).
Region  Logone Oriental region, Monts de Lam Department, Baibokoum Subprefecture, northwest of Baïbokoum along the Cameroon border: Loumbogo, Lawtiko I, Lawtiko II, Sarkaluki villages, and possibly another, as well as 2 Sakpu villages.
Language map  Southwestern Chad, reference number 109
Alternate names  Eastern Mbum, Kareng, Laka, Lakka, Lakka Mbum, Mbum Bakal, Nzák Kàráng
Dialects  Karang, Sakpu, Ngomi, Mbere.
Comments  Different from Laka [lap] of Central African Republic and Chad, and from Laka [lak] of Nigeria. Traditional religion.