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Sotho, Northern

A language of South Africa

ISO 639-3nso

Population  4,090,000 in South Africa (2006), increasing. Population total all countries: 4,101,000.
Region  Transvaal, south and central. Also in Botswana.
Language map  Lesotho, South Africa and Swaziland, reference number 5
Alternate names   Pedi, Sepedi, Transvaal Sotho
Dialects  Masemola (Masemula, Tau), Kgaga (Kxaxa, Khaga), Koni (Kone), Tswene (Tsweni), Gananwa (Xananwa, Hananwa), Pulana, Phalaborwa (Phalaburwa, Thephalaborwa), Khutswe (Khutswi, Kutswe), Lobedu (Lubedu, Lovedu, Khelobedu), Tlokwa (Tlokoa, Tokwa, Dogwa), Pai, Dzwabo (Thabine-Roka-Nareng), Kopa, Matlala-Moletshi. Dialects Pai, Kutswe, and Pulana are more divergent and sometimes called ‘Eastern Sotho’.
Classification  Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, S, Sotho-Tswana (S.30), Sotho, Northern
Language use  Official language.
Language development  Taught in primary and secondary schools. Radio programs. TV. Bible: 1904–2000.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Agriculturalists; miners; tourism. Christian, traditional religion.
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