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Ottawa

A language of Canada

ISO 639-3otw

Population  7,100 in Canada. Ethnic population: 60,000.
Region  Islands, areas surrounding Lake Huron, from Manitoulin Island to southern Ontario north of Lake Erie. Walople Island Reserve. West of a north south line through base of Bruce Peninsula. Also in United States.
Language map  Canada
Alternate names   Odawa, Ojibway, Ojibwe
Classification  Algic, Algonquian, Central, Ojibwa
A member of macrolanguage Ojibwa [oji] (Canada).
Language use  Vigorous on Manitoulin Island. Dying out in many areas. Mainly adults. All also use English, some use other Ojibwa varieties.
Language development  Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1841–1844.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Called Eastern Ojibwa in Bloomfield’s grammar. In southern Ontario also called Chippewa.

Also spoken in:

United States

Language name   Ottawa
Population  10 monolinguals. 330 Ottawa, 5,065 Ojibwa in USA (1990 census). Ethnic population: 20,000 (Ottawa and Chippewa) in USA (1991 M. Kincade); Census (2000) lists 8,350 Ojibwa, 559 Ottawa.
Region  Lower Michigan, upper Michigan near Sault Ste. Marie.
Language map  Northern Central United States of America
Alternate names  Chippewa, Eastern Ojibwa, Odawa, Ojibwe
Language use  Dying out in many areas. Concerted effort via language teaching in public schools and other efforts to reverse decline. Probably all also use English, some use other Ojibwa varieties.
Language development  Taught in primary schools.
 
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