ISO 639-3: pdc
||83,700 in United States (2000 census), increasing. Population total all countries: 98,700. Ethnic population: 200,000 (Kloss and McConnell 1978).
||Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, Virginia, West Virginia, and Florida, and new communities in other states. Also in Canada.
||Pennsylvania Deitsh, Pennsylvania Dutch, Pennsylvanish
||Amish Pennsylvania German (Plain Pennsylvania German), Non-Amish Pennsylvania German (Pensylvanisch Deitsch, Non-Plain Pennsylvania German). Blending of several German dialects, primarily Rhenish Palatinate (Pfalzer) German, with syntactic elements of High German and English. Mostly incomprehensible those from the Palatinate (Kloss 1978).
||Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, West Middle German
||Plain community not shifting to English, but maintains stable bilingualism (1987 M. Louden). All domains. Mainly older adults. Only preschoolers are monolingual. School children and adults also speak English.
||Separate orthographies for Pennsylvania and Ohio dialects. Agriculturalists. Christian.
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