Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > Peru > Quechua, Ayacucho

Quechua, Ayacucho

A language of Peru

ISO 639-3quy

Population  900,000 (2000 SIL), decreasing. 300,000 monolinguals.
Region  Southwest Ayacucho region and Lima.
Language map  Peru, reference number 12
Alternate names   Chanka
Dialects  Andahuaylas, Huancavelica. Lexical similarity 96% with Surcubamba, Puquio, and Cusco [quz].
Classification  Quechuan, Quechua II, C
A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que] (Peru).
Language use  Official language. Vigorous. Home, family, administration, religion, commerce. Oral and written Quechua used in some schools, more than one university. Written form used in religious services. Considered inferior to Spanish. Also use Spanish.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Perhaps 10,000 read it, 2,000 can write it. Some oral and written in primary education. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1987.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SOV. Agriculturalists. Christian, traditional religion.