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Quechua, Arequipa-La Unión

A language of Peru

ISO 639-3qxu

Population  18,600 (2000). 10,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 32,000.
Region  Arequipa Department, La Unión Province, Cotahuasi District; Apurímac Department, Antabamba Province.
Language map  Peru, reference number 8
Alternate names   Arequipa Quechua, Cotahuasi Quechua
Dialects  Cotahuasi, Northern Arequipa, Highland Arequipa, Antabamba (Apurímac). More similar linguistically to Cusco than to Ayacucho. Very similar to Eastern Apurímac [qve].
Classification  Quechuan, Quechua II, C
A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que] (Peru).
Language use  Official language. Vigorous. Used in some schools. Some families switching to Spanish. Other language speakers use Quechua to talk to monolinguals. Used for administration, commerce, labor relations, religious services. All ages. Considered inferior to Spanish. Fluent Spanish speakers usually leave the area. Those who return do not like Quechua speakers to use Spanish loans. Also use Spanish. Many monolinguals. Cusco Quechua used in schools.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 5%. Literacy rate in L2: 30%. 600 readers, 200 can write. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Videos. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1993.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SOV. Agriculturalists. Christian.