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Shughni

A language of Tajikistan

ISO 639-3sgh

Population  40,000 in Tajikistan (1975 SIL). 20,000 Shugan, 1,500 to 2,000 Oroshor, 15,000 Rushan. Population total all countries: 60,000. Ethnic population: 73,000 (1990 A. Kibrik) including 50,000 Shugni, 2,000 Oroshor, 18,000 Rushan, 800 Khufi, 3,000 Bartang.
Region  Gorno-Bagakhshan, Pamir Mountains. Also in Afghanistan.
Language map  Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
Alternate names   Shugnan-Rushan
Dialects  Rushani (Rushan, Roshani, Oroshani), Bartangi (Bartang), Oroshor (Roshorvi), Khufi (Khuf, Chuf), Shughni (Shugan, Shugnan, Shighni, Khugni). Khufi and Bartangi dialects may be separate languages. Oroshani may be separate from Rushani. Not intelligible with Sarikoli [srh] (called ‘Tajiki’ in China).
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir, Shugni-Yazgulami
Language use  Home. All ages. Positive attitude. Tajiki [tgk] used as literary language.
Language development  Grammar.
Comments  Traditional territory and way of life. Pastoralists. Ismaili Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Afghanistan

Language name   Shughni
Population  20,000 in Afghanistan (1994).
Region  Both sides of Afghan-Tajikistan border, 50 kms. north of Ishkashim, Pamir Mountains.
Language map  Afghanistan
Dialects  Roshani (Rushani, Rushan, Oroshani), Shughni (Shugni, Shighni, Shughnani, Shugan, Khugni, Kushani, Saighani, Ghorani), Bartangi (Bartang), Oroshor (Oroshori).
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%.
Comments  Pastoralists. Muslim.