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Tamasheq

A language of Mali

ISO 639-3taq

Population  250,000 in Mali (1991). Population total all countries: 281,200.
Region  Central, Timbuktu area, and northeast Mali. Also in Algeria, Burkina Faso.
Language map  Mali, Enlarged Area
Alternate names   Kidal, Kidal Tamasheq, Tamashekin, Timbuktu, Tomacheck, “Tuareg”
Dialects  Timbuktu (Tombouctou, Tanaslamt), Tadhaq (Kidal). May be 2 separate languages.
Classification  Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Southern
A member of macrolanguage Tamashek [tmh] (Mali).
Language use  National language.
Language development  The government is actively promoting the language through adult literacy classes. Taught in primary schools. NT: 2003.
Writing system  Latin script. Tifinagh (Berber) script.
Comments  The people are called ‘Kel Tamasheq’. The Bellah were formerly under the Tuareg economically. Pastoralists: cattle, goats, camels, donkeys. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Burkina Faso

Language name   Tamasheq, Kidal
Population  31,200 in Burkina Faso (2000).
Region  Oudalan Province.
Language map  Burkina Faso, reference number 24
Alternate names  Tamashekin, Timbuktu, Tomacheck, Tuareg
Dialects  Timbuktu (Tombouctou, Tanaslamt), Tadghaq (Kidal).
Comments  People are called ‘Tuareg’ (‘Targi’, sg.). Muslim.