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Tatar

A language of Russian Federation (Europe)

ISO 639-3tat

Population  5,350,000 in Russian Federation (2002 census). 24,668 Kreshen (Kryashen) Tatars, who are traditionally Russian Orthodox. Population total all countries: 6,496,600.
Region  Tatarstan and Bashkortostan Republics; St. Petersburg and Moscow to eastern Siberia. Also in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.
Language map  European Russia
Alternate names   Tartar
Dialects  Middle Tatar (Kazan), Western Tatar (Misher), Eastern Tatar (Siberian Tatar). Eastern Tatar is divided into 3: Tobol-Irtysh, Baraba, and Tom. Tobol-Irtysh is divided into 5: Tyumen, Tobol, Zabolotny, Tevriz, and Tara (Tumasheva). Mixed dialects are: Astrakhan, Kasimov, Tepter, and Ural (Poppe). 43,000 Astrakhan have assimilated to the Middle dialect. Kasim (5,000) is between Middle and Western Tatar. Tepter (300,000) is reportedly between the Tatar and Bashkort [bak] languages.
Classification  Altaic, Turkic, Western, Uralian
Language use  In the Republic of Tatarstan it is the official language, along with Russian, and it is taught in primary and secondary schools. Also used by the Karatai (different from Karata [kpt]), ethnically Erzya people who speak Tatar. All domains. All ages. Positive attitude. Many bilingual in Russian.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: High. Magazines. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2001 (Tatar), 2005 (Kreshen).
Writing system  Cyrillic script. Latin script.
Comments  Different from Crimean Tatar (Crimean Turkish [crh]). SOV. Muslim (Sunni), Christian.

Also spoken in:

China

Language name   Tatar
Population  800 in China (1999 Z. Chen), decreasing. Ethnic population: 4,890 (2000 census).
Region  North Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Yining (Ghulja, Kulja), Qvqek, and Ürümqi.
Language map  China
Alternate names  Tartar, Tata’er
Language use  Used for oral tradition, songs. Older adults. Written Uyghur [uig] and Kazakh [kaz] are used as literary languages; nearly all use them.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 90%.
Comments  Classified as Tatar nationality. Some nationality members speak only Kazakh. Speech in different areas is influenced by Uyghur and Kazakh. Traders; craftsmen; agriculturalists. Muslim (Sunni).
 

Turkey (Europe)

Language name   Tatar
Region  Istanbul, perhaps elsewhere.
Comments  Muslim.