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Tamahaq, Tahaggart

A language of Algeria

ISO 639-3thv

Population  25,000 in Algeria (1987). Includes 20,000 Hoggar, 5,000 Ghat. Population total all countries: 62,000.
Region  South Hoggar (Ajjer) Mountain area, Hoggar, Tamanghasset area and south to Niger border. Ghat dialect in southeast, Ganet area and west. Also in Libya, Niger.
Language map  Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and Western Sahara
Alternate names   Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tomachek, Touareg, Tourage, Tuareg
Dialects  Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart), Ghat (Ganet, Djanet).
Classification  Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Northern
A member of macrolanguage Tamashek [tmh] (Mali).
Language development  Bible portions: 1948–1965.
Writing system  Arabic script. Tifinagh (Berber) script, called Shifinagh in Niger.
Comments  ‘Tuareg’ are the people, ‘Targi’ is the singular. Inadan: blacksmiths; jewelry craftsmen. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Libya

Language name   Tamahaq, Tahaggart
Population  17,000 in Libya (2006).
Region  Hoggar in south Hoggar (Ajjer) Mountain area, Tamanrasset area; south into Niger; Ghat is southeast, Ganet and west Libya oases, Ghat area.
Language map  Egypt and Libya
Alternate names  Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tomachek, Tourage, Toureg, Tuareg
Dialects  Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart), Ghat (Ganet, Djanet).
Comments  ‘Tuareg’ are the people (‘Targi’ is the singular); ‘Tamahaq’ is the language. Inadan: blacksmiths; jewelry craftsmen. Muslim.
 

Niger

Language name   Tamahaq, Tahaggart
Population  20,000 in Niger (1998).
Language maps  Niger
Niger
Alternate names  Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tamasheq, Tomachek, Touareg, Tourage, Tuareg
Dialects  Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart), Ghat (Ganet, Djanet).
Comments  ‘Tamahaq’ is the speakers’ name for their language. ‘Tuareg’ is an Arabic name for the people. Nomadic. Inadan caste: blacksmiths, jewelry craftsmen. Muslim.