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Turkish

A language of Turkey (Asia)

ISO 639-3tur

Population  46,300,000 in Turkey (1987). Population total all countries: 50,750,120.
Region  Widespread in Turkey as L1 or L2. Also in Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, El Salvador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Netherlands, Romania, Russian Federation (Asia), Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names   Anatolian, Türkçe, Türkisch
Dialects  Danubian, Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep, Urfa. Danubian is west; other dialects east.
Classification  Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish
Language use  Official language. Karamanli are Turkish-speaking Greeks.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1827–1941.
Writing system  Latin script, used since 1928 or 1929.
Comments  SOV. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Bulgaria

Language name   Turkish
Population  747,000 in Bulgaria (2001 census).
Region  South, Kurdzhali Province and neighboring areas, along the Danube; various regions east.
Alternate names  Osmanli, Turki
Dialects  Danubian, Razgrad, Dinler, Macedonian Turkish.
Comments  The Turkish language is gradually being replaced by Bulgarian [bul], although Islam and ethnic identity remain strong. Natural growth has been balanced by emigration to Turkey. Muslim.
 

Cyprus

Language name   Turkish
Population  177,000 in Cyprus (1995).
Region  Nearly all in north Cyprus.
Language map  Cyprus
Alternate names  Osmanli
Language use  National language.
Comments  Muslim.
 

Greece

Language name   Turkish
Population  128,000 in Greece (1976 WA).
Region  Thrace and Aegean regions.
Language map  Greece and Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Alternate names  Osmanli
Comments  Turkish population in Greece remains fairly constant, because of steady emigration to Turkey. Muslim, Christian.
 

Macedonia

Language name   Turkish
Population  200,000 in Macedonia (1982).
Language map  Greece and Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Alternate names  Osmanli
Dialects  Macedonian, Dinler.
Comments  Muslim (Sunni and Bektashi).
 

Romania

Language name   Turkish
Population  28,700 in Romania (2002 census).
Region  Southeast along the Danube.
Alternate names  Osmanli
Dialects  Danubian.
Comments  Muslim.
 

Uzbekistan

Language name   Turkish
Population  197,000 in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan (based on 1979 census, not counting 56,000 ‘Turks of Fergana’, who speak an Uzbek dialect).
Alternate names  Osmanli
Dialects  Danubian, Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep, Urfa.
Language use  Meskhetian Georgians, Khemshel Armenians, and Kurds in Uzbekistan speak Turkish [tur]. Also use Azerbaijani [azj].
Comments  Muslim (Sunni).