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Tuva

A language of Russian Federation (Asia)

ISO 639-3tyv

Population  235,000 in Russian Federation, increasing. Population total all countries: 264,400. Ethnic population: 242,500 in Russian Federation.
Region  Siberia, Tuvin Ao. Also in China, Mongolia.
Language maps  Western Asian Russia, reference number 39
Western Asian Russia, reference number 39
Alternate names   Diba, Kök, Mungak, Soyod, Soyon, Soyot, Tannu-Tuva, Tofa, Tokha, Tuba, Tuvan, Tuvia, Tuvin, Tuvinian, Tyva, Uriankhai, Uriankhai-Monchak, Uryankhai
Dialects  Central Tuvin, Western Tuvin, Northeastern Tuvin (Todzhin), Southeastern Tuvin, Tuba-Kizhi. Sharp dialect differences.
Classification  Altaic, Turkic, Northern
Language use  One of most vital minority languages in Siberia due to geographic isolation. Home, work. All ages. Neutral attitude. Also use Russian or Mongolian [khk] near the border.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 85% in Russian (2007 SIL). In designated schools outside of Kyzyl. In designated schools outside of Kyzyl. NT: 2002.
Writing system  Cyrillic script.
Comments  Until 1944 Tuva was a formally independent state. Hunters; animal husbandry: cattle, horses, sheep, goats, camels, reindeer. Buddhist (Lamaist), traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

China

Language name   Tuva
Population  2,400 in China (1999 H. Wu). No monolinguals.
Region  Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Altay Prefecture, Burjin, Habahe, Fuyun, and Altay counties.
Language map  China
Alternate names  Diba, Kök, Mungak, Tuvin, Tuwa
Language use  Vigorous. Religious services. All ages. Positive attitude. Peripheral Mongolian [mvf] used in education. More than 90% also use Kazakh [kaz], 30% also know Kalmyk-Oirat [xal]. Some also use Chinese.
Comments  Classified as Mongolian nationality. Animal husbandry; agriculturalists; hunters. Buddhist (Lamaist), syncretism with shamanism.
 

Mongolia

Language name   Tuva
Population  27,000 in Mongolia (Johnstone 1993).
Region  North and west Monolia, Hövsgöl and Hovd Aimags.
Alternate names  Diba, Kök, Mungak, Soyod, Soyon, Soyot, Tannu-Tuva, Tuba, Tuva-Uriankhai, Tuvan, Tuvia, Tuvin, Tuvinian, Tuwa-Uriankhai, Uriankhai, Uryankhai-Monchak
Dialects  Kokchulutan, Khöwsögöl Uigur.
Language use  Also use Halh Mongolian [khk].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: In Halh Mongolian. Literacy is in Halh [khk].
Comments  Buddhist.