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Vlaams

A language of Belgium

ISO 639-3vls

Population  6,000,000 in Belgium (2007 M. De Belder). Population total all countries: 6,141,560.
Region  Flanders. Also in Canada, France, Netherlands, United States.
Language map  Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands
Alternate names   Flamand, Flemish
Dialects  Westvlaams, Oostvlaams, Antwerps, Limburgs, Brabants. Considered a variant of Dutch [nld]. Similar to German, English, Frisian.
Classification  Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian
Language use  All ages. Also use French or English.
Language development  Vlaams is standardized as a variant of Dutch; media follow their own norms for lexicon and pronunciation. Magazines. Dictionary.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Called ‘Vlamingen’; the language, ‘Vlaams’. SOV. Christian.

Also spoken in:

France

Language name   Vlaams
Population  10,000 in France (1993 M. Evenhuis).
Region  Westhoek (French Flanders).
Language map  Andorra and France
Alternate names  Flamand, Flemish, Vlaemsch
Dialects  Frans Vlaams (Vlaemsch).
Language use  Home, community. Older adults. Positive attitude. Also use French or English.
Comments  Speakers in France are called ‘Vlamingen’, the language called ‘Vlaemsch’. Sometimes refer to Dutch [nld] as ‘Vlaams’. Different orthographies used in the 3 countries. Christian.
 

Netherlands

Language name   Vlaams
Population  122,000 in Netherlands (1998 U. of Ghent).
Region  Province of Zeeland, southernmost island.
Language map  Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands
Alternate names  Flamand, Flemish, Vlaemsch
Dialects  West Vlaams, Frans Vlaams (Vlaemsch).
Language use  For some, L1 only. Home, community. All ages. Also use Dutch [nld].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 99% Dutch.
Comments  Sometimes refer to Dutch as ‘Vlaams’. Dutch is language of trade, tourism, school. Difficult to understand nearby Brabant dialect of Dutch, perhaps due to Scheldt River being natural barrier. Christian.
 
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