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Yoruba

A language of Nigeria

ISO 639-3yor

Population  18,900,000 in Nigeria (Johnstone 1993). Population total all countries: 19,380,800.
Region  Most of Oyo, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Kwara, and Lagos states; Kogi state, west LGAs. Also in Benin, Sierra Leone, Togo, United Kingdom, United States.
Language maps  Nigeria, Map 1, reference number 36
Nigeria, Map 6, reference number 36
Nigeria, Map 9, reference number 36
Alternate names   Yariba, Yooba
Dialects  Oyo, Ijesha, Ila, Ijebu, Ondo, Wo, Owe, Jumu, Iworro, Igbonna, Yagba, Gbedde, Egba, Akono, Aworo, Bunu (Bini), Ekiti, Ilaje, Ikale, Awori.
Classification  Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri
Language use  Official language in southwest. Used for government notices. 2,000,000 L2 speakers.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 35%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1884–2006.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SVO. Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

Benin

Language name   Yoruba
Population  465,000 in Benin (Johnstone 1993).
Region  Porto-Novo and widespread in towns and major villages.
Alternate names  Ede-Yoruba, Yariba, Yooba
Dialects  Egba.
Language use  Also use French.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–30%.
Comments  Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.